Anaphylactic shock

Causes of anaphylactic shock and risk factors The severity of an allergic reaction depends on the individual conditions, the route of injection of the allergen, its quantity and the speed of administration. The most serious type of reaction is precisely the anaphylactic shock, which can seriously jeopardize the subject's very life

mast cells

Generality Mast cells , or mast cells , are immune cells of variable form, in some cases round or oval, in others branched. Inside the mast cells, in the cytoplasm, there are granules rich in heparin and histamine. Due to the presence of these granules, the mast cells also fall into the category of cells called polymorphic nucleated granulocytes , together with eosinophils, basophils and neutrophils

Cervix or Neck of the uterus

The uterine cervix (synonyms: cervix, uterine neck) represents the lower portion of the uterus; at the bottom, the cervix borders directly with the upper part of the vagina, while above it continues with the uterine isthmus, representing the junction point between the two structures: the vagina is a cylindrical duct that receives the penis during coitus and allows the passage of the menstrual flow and the fetus during birth the uterus receives the embryo in its own mucosa (implant) and supports its development in the fetus and the growth of the latter until the moment of birth Through the uteri

Axillary Lymph Nodes

Generality Axillary lymph nodes are the lymph nodes that reside in the armpit. Between 20 and 40 units, the axillary lymph nodes can be divided into 6 groups: the pectoral group, the subscapular group, the lateral group, the central group, the apical group and the infraclavicular group. The axillary lymph nodes have the important task of draining and filtering the lymph coming from the upper limbs, from the part of the trunk that goes from the umbilicus to the beginning of the neck and, finally, from the back that is above the iliac crests

Perineo: What is it? Anatomy, Functions and Disorders by G.Bertelli

Generality The perineum is an anatomical region located in the lower part of the pelvis . This area has a rhomboid shape : the perineum extends, in a sagittal sense, from the inferior margin of the pubic symphysis to the apex of the coccyx ; transversely, it is included between an ischial tuberosity of the iliac bone and the other

Cockscombs: What are they? When and why do they manifest themselves? Symptoms and Treatment of G.Bertelli

Generality The rooster crests (or condylomata acuminata) are warty lesions , which arise mainly on the skin and mucous surfaces of the ano-genital area . The disease is caused by some types of human papilloma virus or HPV (Human Papilloma Virus). The infection that supports the pathological process is transmitted through direct contact , often during sexual intercourse

The Eskimos and the Brevilines gain more easily

The polar fox ( Alopex lagopus , in the photo) and the Eskimos have something in common. Compared to the desert fox, in fact, the polar fox has small ears, limbs and tail. Similarly, in Eskimos the arms and legs are proportionally shorter than the torso compared to those of black individuals. The reason for these features

WHR relationship waist hips

The WHR expresses the relationship between the circumference of the waist and the circumference of the hips. This index is used in the medical field to assess the bodily distribution of adipose tissue. Simple and quick to calculate this index partially compensates for the shortcomings of the BMI. The method of distribution of body fat correlates to the risk of cardiovascular diseases

Food fraud

Food frauds are divided into two types: health fraud (affecting the health of the consumer) and commercial fraud (only damaging it economically). Health Frauds These are facts that make food substances harmful and threaten public health. They can be committed by "anyone holding for trade or marketing or distributing for consumption, water, substances or things from others poisoned, adulterated or counterfeit in a way that is dangerous to public health"

Oxalates, calcium oxalate, oxalate stones

The Enemy of Football Oxalic acid is an anti-nutritional factor present in many foods, including spinach, rhubarb, whole grains and cabbage. Once ingested it combines with different minerals (iron, magnesium and above all calcium) forming salts, called oxalates, which prevent it from being absorbed. Because of their ability to reduce the minerals available to the body, oxalates promote the onset of deficiency states (osteoporosis, anemia etc