Rosa Canina in brief, Summary on dog rose

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Rosa canina: synonyms Grattacu, wild rose, hedge rose, thorn rose, roselle, scrub rose, thorn roses and biancarosa
Rosa canina: origin of the name In ancient times the roots of rose hips were used in decoction as an effective remedy for the treatment of rabies → from here "canine"
Dog rose and symbology Flower language → symbolizes poetry and independence

Bible → Judas used the rosehip tree to commit suicide; the crown of thorns of Jesus was ideally made with the branches of this shrub

Dog rose: general characters
  • Diffusion: very common shrub in the undergrowth and in the ruderal places of central and western Asia, Canaries, North Africa, European belt from the Mediterranean to Scandinavia
  • America, Oceania: dog rose was introduced by man
  • Altitude: it grows up to 1, 900 meters of altitude
  • Ideal soil: prefers limited arid areas, with deep and silty soil
Rosa canina: botanical description
  • Short description: woody shrub
  • Botanical name: Rosa canina
  • Family: Rosaceae
  • Stems: glabrous, hanging, arched
  • Leaves: deciduous, oval or elliptical, imparipinnate and each composed of several leaflets
  • Branches: consisting of sharp and robust spines, with a rather broad base
  • Flowers: scarlet, single or grouped in threes, usually do not exceed 7 centimeters in diameter and are not very fragrant
  • Fruits: fleshy, wrapped in hairy sepals, dyed scarlet red
  • Maturation: late autumn
Rosa canina: drug
  • Dried ripe fruits
  • receptacles
  • Cinorridi ( pseudofructus ) or false mature fruit
  • Roots
  • leaves
Rosa canina: chemical components of the phytocomplex tannins

nicotinic acid

vitamin C and P



malic acid

citric acid

flavonoids (bioflavonoids: phytoestrogens)



Dog rose: main properties
  • vitaminizzante
  • antidiarrheal
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Vaso-protector
  • antiinfective
  • Decongestant
  • Toning
  • Immunostimulators
  • allergy
  • Diuretic
  • Anti-radical-antioxidant
  • reddening
  • Smoothing
  • Astringent
Rosa canina: phytotherapeutic uses Useful in case of:
  • diarrhea
  • debilitation
  • inflammation
  • colds and infections
  • inflammation of the bladder or kidneys
  • heavy menstruation
  • intestinal catarrhs
  • hyperhidrosis
  • conjunctivitis
  • tissue fragility
Rosa canina: cosmetics Used for the creation of anti-aging and anti-wrinkle creams, soothing ointments against sunburn, face masks with a toning, smoothing and astringent action.

Dog rose distilled water (wraps): recommended for sensitive, reddened, delicate skin


Vitamin loss with food preservation
Peritonsillar abscess