Melilotus in brief, summarized in the Melilotus

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Meliloto Medicinal plant indicated for the treatment of venolymphatic insufficiency → abundance in coumarins
Melilotus: etymology of the term Melilot name refers to the Greek "mèli" (honey) and "l tòs" (clover or biada) → source of nectar for bees and forage for the beasts
Melilotus in history Pasture livestock: ingestion of deteriorated melilot → hemorrhagic syndrome: decreased levels of prothrombin in the plasma → cause: formation of coumarin derivatives (dicumarol) with anti-aggregation effect
Melilotus: botanical genera
  • Melilotus officinalis : legumes and glabrous ovary, pod consisting of transverse veins
  • Melilotus altissima : legumes and pubescent ovary, pod characterized by reticular veins
  • Melilotus coerulea
  • Melilotus alba
Melilotus: botanical description Family: Leguminous Papilionaceae

Plant description: annual herbaceous plant, biennial or perennial

Height: 80 cm

Stem: hollow, branched, rather thin and thin

Leaves: alternate composed of three typically lanceolate leaflets, ending with a notched margin

Flowers: fragrant and grouped in axillary racemes, they appear very small, very numerous

Corolla: yellow, sometimes veined with blue or lilac stripes

Fruits: (legumes) pods, yellow or brownish appear globular, and erect

Seeds: generally one or two, enclosed in the legume

Melilotus: drug Flowering tops and leaves
Meliloto: chemical components with therapeutic action
  • Coumarine (6-benzo-β-pyrone, melilotin, coumarin glycosides of o-hydroxy cinnamic acid)
  • Flavonoids (kaempferol, quercetin)
  • Terpene molecules
  • saponins
  • Melilogenina
  • Tannins
Melilotus: therapeutic activities
  • it counteracts venous insufficiency
  • digestive
  • sedative
  • astringent
  • promotes sleep
  • healing
  • antirheumatic
Meliloto: uses
  • Useful in case of venolymphatic insufficiency
  • Fights digestive disorders of a nervous nature
  • Promotes sleep
  • Useful in case of mild sleep disorders in general
  • Remedy for headaches
  • Promotes wound healing
  • Useful in case of rheumatism (topical application)
  • Recommended for the treatment of hemorrhoids, varicose veins, lymphatic stasis, lower limb ulcers and thrombophlebitis
  • Treatment of edemas (for phlogistic etiology) and in the treatment of capillary fragility
Melilotus and anti-aggregation effect Impaired melilot plant: transformation of coumarins into dicumarol → decrease in prothrombin synthesis → anticoagulant effect
Melilot: toxicity and excessive intake
  • Do not take in concomitant intake of salicylates and anticoagulants
  • Do not take in case of known or presumed hypersensitivity to one or more chemical constituents of the phytocomplex.
  • Adoption of melilot extract: nausea, headache, dizziness, narcosis

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