alcohol and alcohol


What is Alchermes Alchermes (or alkermes) is a liqueur of Arab origin (as can be guessed from the spices with which it is flavored), acquired by the Spanish and spread first in Italy and later in France and in the rest of Europe. The alchermes is red, medium alcohol (about 30 °) and quite sweet. Its basic ingredients are: water, cinnamon, cochineal (red coloring additive of animal origin), mace, cloves, cardamom, vanilla, rose water, granular sugar and pure alcohol (95 °).


The alcopops are drinks belonging to the category of accessory or complementary liquids not classifiable within the 7 fundamental food groups ; the alcopops are therefore alcoholic beverages, therefore they contain ethyl alcohol (albeit in fairly small quantities). Generality The term alcopops (in the singular ALCOPOP) derives from the union of nouns: ALCOHOL + POP (indicating a modern and youthful vision of alcoholic beverages)

Alcohol and Gastritis

Ethyl alcohol Ethyl alcohol is a NON-nutritional macro molecule that provides 7 kcal per gram; it is contained in alcoholic beverages obtained by fermentation (wine, beer, etc.) or distillation (grappa, whiskey, etc.) thanks to the degradation of carbohydrates (both simple and complex) by some microorganisms or yeasts, called saccharomyces

Alcohol and Diabetes

Ethyl alcohol Ethyl alcohol (ethanol) is a molecule typical of alcoholic beverages. Its presence in these liquids called accessories (as they are NOT real foods) is attributable to the fermentative action of Saccharomyces yeasts which, proliferating in the substrate and fermenting it (different depending on the alcoholic beverage), hydrolyze the sugars producing: energy + carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) + ethyl alcohol; ultimately, the percentage of alcohol in the beverage also increases with increasing sugars and fermentation time

Does Beer Make You Fat?

Generality Beer and overweight: introduction Beer is an alcoholic beverage based on fermented cereal malt, then traditionally flavored with hops. There are many types of beers, different in color, taste, alcohol content and production method. Many people wonder if the beer is fattening. Being a "non-food" that only provides "empty calories" (later on we will better understand what it means), the answer should be positive

Chianti Classico

What is Chianti Classico? Chianti Classico is an Italian red wine, originally from Castellina in Chianti, Radda in Chianti and Gaiole in Chianti; since 1984, it has been awarded the DOCG (Controlled and Guaranteed Denomination of Origin), the highest recognition for quality Italian wines. Editorial recognition: Shutterstock


Generality Gin is an alcoholic beverage among the most known, used and marketed in the world. The high alcohol content, which by law must not be lower than 37.5% Vol., Ranks it among spirits products. Gin is a distillate based on wheat and barley fermented and flavored with juniper (binomial nomenclature Juniperus communis )


Generality Grappa and other spirits are probably the "close relatives" of the oldest spirits discovered so far. The historical finds speak of a certain "aqueous water", described by Marius Graecus in the VIII century; this drink was prepared by distilling the wine itself and already in the XVIII century it acquired the name "acqua vitae" (for pharmacological use)

Limoncino (or Limoncello)

Generality Limoncello is a particular lemon liqueur. It is a yellow-colored drink with a sweet taste, a strong citrus aroma and an alcoholic content that frames it in the group of spirits. The limoncello is typical Italian, as it originates from the Sorrento peninsula (Campania region) and, due to product legislation, must be obtained using PGI lemons grown in the same area


Generality Marsala is a liqueur wine with a Controlled Denomination of Origin, born in the homonymous municipality and produced in the province of Trapani; to be precise, this typical Sicilian product was the FIRST Italian wine to gain this legislative recognition (DOC - from 1969). According to the denomination, all the processing works to obtain the Marsala must take place in the production area; on the other hand, the areas of: Pantelleria, Favignana and Alcamo are excluded from the legitimate territory


Generality Maraschino is an alcoholic beverage obtained from the distillation of marasca or amarena cherries (fruits of the tree Prunus cerasus L.). The maraschino is colorless, transparent, with a sweet taste and an alcohol content of about 30% Vol .; it is therefore deducible that it is a super-alcoholic beverage


Generality Nocino is a liqueur made from the infusion of the husk of common walnuts (fruits of the Juglans regia L. plant) in ethyl alcohol. The husk is the fleshy portion of the drupe (fruit), under which the real walnut is housed, consisting of the woody endocarp (shell) to protect the seed (the kernel or the edible part)


Generality Prosecco is a typical Italian white wine. It is produced mainly with the Charmat method and presents a typical effervescence that diversifies into three types: quiet prosecco, sparkling prosecco and sparkling prosecco. The name "prosecco" refers to an DOC alcoholic beverage (in principle IGT) originating in the area between Veneto (excluding the provinces of Rovigo and Verona) and Friuli Venezia Giulia


Generality Rum is a brandy produced by the distillation of fermented juice or sugar cane molasses ( Saccharum officinalis ). Also known as rhum in French-speaking countries, and as ron in Hispanic ones, rum is a real brandy made from cane; it is mostly derived from the distillation of fermented residues deriving from the manufacture of cane sugar, and the related molasses and syrups; however, nothing (except the clearly higher production cost) prohibits the distillate from being extracted directly from cane juice, without therefore passing through the production of sugar


Generality Sherry is a liqueur wine obtained by fermentation of white grapes. Typical of the city of Jerez de la Frontera (Andalusia - Spain), sherry is produced in two main varieties: "dry", like Manzanilla and Fino, made mainly from Palomino grapes (similar to light table white wines); "aged" (in cask), like Amontillado and Oloroso (darker, alcoholic and with soft notes)


What is Sorbet? The sorbet is a cold gastronomic preparation, similar to an ice cream but with a more liquid consistency. Its traditional function is to SEPARATE the meat-based dishes from those based on fish. An intermezzo is also defined as an end in itself, provided it is contextualised in particularly sumptuous and elaborate meals

Sparkling wine - Regulations, Categories, Vines and Methods

Normative outline The regulation of sparkling wine is managed by the European Union and the main rules are mentioned in the Regulation of the Community Council n. 1493/99. Below, we will summarize only some of the basic information: Sparkling wine (unless exempted pursuant to Article 44, paragraph 3) is the product obtained from the first or second alcoholic fermentation: of fresh grapes, of grape must of wine


What is Spumante Sparkling wine is an effervescent wine characterized by the presence of carbon dioxide, contained in higher quantities than common "sparkling" wines. Quality sparkling wines are obtained by totally natural fermentation, but there are added ones in carbonic acid; these will not be treated in the article


What are Spirits are beverages containing ethyl alcohol; specifically, the quantity of ethanol must be higher than 12% of the total volume obtainable by microbial fermentation of carbohydrates. Types of spirits Spirits are divided into: Distillates or spirits Liquors Creams Distillates or spirits Fermented musts are obtained by distillation, obtaining spirits with an alcohol content of between 30 and 60 °; they can be flavored or aged in wooden barrels, in order to give a particular aroma and taste, precious and characteristic.


Generality The tequila (pronuncia tekila ) is a Mexican distillate obtained from the blue agave plant ( Agave tequilana FACWeber, 1902). This spirits is named after the historic city of production (Tequila, located 65km from Guadalajara, heading north-west), but it is produced in large quantities also in the highlands (Los Altos) of the Mexican northwest, namely in Jalisco

Red wine

Generality Red wine is a typical alcoholic beverage of the Mediterranean area, obtained by fermentation of black grape must. The production process, called vinification in red, involves the maceration of the grape skins together with the juice obtained by pressing them (initially yellowish); this allows the dilution of various molecules from the skins to the juice, including natural dyes called anthocyanins

Wine and Diabetes

The wine Wine is an alcoholic beverage produced by the bacterial fermentation of grapes. The general composition and the alcoholic concentration of the wine depend above all on the type of grape, on the fermentation and on the wine-making process, even if the "meal" products average about 10-11 ° of alcohol .

Wine and Atherosclerosis

Wine and polyphenols Wine is an alcoholic beverage obtained from the bacterial fermentation of grapes harvested from vitis vinifera ; it can be white, rosé or red, depending on the type of grape and the vinification technique, which together determine the quality and quantity of the phenolic pigments.

Port wine

Generality The port wine (which from now on we will simply call "port") acquires the name of its city of origin, Porto precisely, still the second most developed urban center in Portugal. The port is a sweet, fortified wine, which lends itself well to the combination with desserts; in the United Kingdom, this drink is also used to accompany certain cheeses


Definition and origin Wine is an alcoholic beverage obtained by fermentation of the fructose contained in grapes (or its crushing, called must), fruit of the vine (vitis vinifera), by fungi belonging to the saccharomycetes family. As often happens, the discovery of wine may have been completely accidental; there are many archaeological finds that have brought to light grapes or fermented grape juice

Vitamin B1 and Alcoholism

Vitamin B1 Vitamin B1 is a water-soluble vitamin; its scientific name is Thiamine and has several basic metabolic functions. Vitamin B1 is also known as aneurine , due to its importance in maintaining nervous efficiency, or antiberiberica , by virtue of the typical clinical signs attributable to its nutritional deficiency: the Beri-Beri malnutrition syndrome

VoV - Liquor

Generality The vov is a super-alcoholic drink that has the hen's egg as its characteristic ingredient. The vov is a commercial version of the "liqueur zabaione", a homemade recipe to which tonic, energizing and restorative powers were attributed. Over the years, vov has also become synonymous with the type of drink, so much so that even competitive products are often referred to by this name


What is Vodka Vodka is a distilled alcoholic beverage, high in ethanol. It is a spirit that also contains water and, sometimes, small percentages of dyes and flavorings. The original vodka is made from the distillation of fermented potatoes or cereals, although some more modern varieties use different substrates, such as fruit or refined sugar


What is whiskey ? Whiskey (or whiskey) is a spirit of Anglo-Saxon origin. It is a distillate produced from the fermentation of cereals (barley, corn, rye and wheat) or from the malt that can be made from it (especially barley). It is therefore logical that the raw material used can distinguish various types of whiskey, which are further characterized by the type of cask used in the maturation (of white oak, oak, smoked, more or less old, etc

Giuggiole broth

Introduction In addition to representing very special fruits, jujubes are also "proverbial": going to jujube soup, jujube, other than jujubes are just some of the many phrases that see these small fruits of Zizyphus zizyphus as protagonists. But let's dwell on the first verbal expression: "going to the broth of jujube" also finds practical feedback

Rosolio - Rose Liqueur

Rose liqueur Starting from the skilful maceration of rose petals in alcohol, a delicately scented and extremely palatable liqueur solution is obtained, known as rosolio . The term "rosolio" evokes both roses, the basic ingredient, and oil, which recalls the particular viscosity of the distillate

Alcohol and calories

HOW TO CALCULATE THE CALORIES OF AN ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGE BY KNOWING ITS ALCOHOLIC DEGREE Alcohol-alcohol , despite its high energy value, can not be considered a nutrient . However, in the liver the oxidation of 1 gram of alcohol releases a high amount of energy (7 kcal, against 4 Kcal of carbohydrates and proteins and 9 kcal of fats)

Proper Nutrition for Keeping Lean

Edited by Ivan Mercolini No alcohol and no soft drinks (even if with artificial sweeteners) I don't want to be trivial in drawing up this paragraph. That alcohol hurts, indeed bad, children know it too. The ethanol metabolism involves the haematic spread of acetaldehydes, reactive and toxic substances that contribute, together with ethanol, to damage all tissues

Record Whiskey

The Guinness Book of World Records has confirmed the record of "Macallan" as the most expensive whiskey in the world sold at auction with the sale of "Imperial M" in Hong Kong, in 2014. The 6-liter bottle of "M Imperiale Lalique Decanter Macallan" was therefore auctioned in the city of Hong Kong for 628, 000 dollars (American) in January 2014, beating the previous record of 460, 000 dollars still held by "The Macallan "But bottled in" Lalique Cire Perdue "

Jerusalem artichoke liqueur

Incredible but true, a Jerusalem artichoke-flavored liqueur! Stunning yes ... but not for everyone. In Baden-Württemberg, Germany, more than 90% of the now known "Artichoke of Jerusalem" is intended for the production of a spirits called "Topinambur Alcohol" or "Topi" or "Rossler".

Barrels and Barriques or Carat

The barrels are containers, generally made of wood, composed of various curved and circled lamellas. Those for wines (red and white, still and effervescent), for the port, for cognac, for certain spirits, etc. they are of precious wood and the smallest ones destined to finish the product (110-350 liters, normally between 225-228 liters) are called Carati (in Italian) or Barriques (in French)

Birth of the Mojito

Mojito is a typical Havana drink, although the precise place where the birth of this drink took place is still a subject of discussion. According to the findings, it seems that in Cuba, in the 16th century, a drink called "El Draque" was created after Francis Drake came. In 1586, following the naval incursion of the settlers in Cartagena de Indias, they headed for Havana

Allappare - Tannins in red wine

When chewing unripe and rich in tannin fruits, or drinking a particularly tannic red wine, an astringent sensation can be felt in the mouth, as if the oral cavity suddenly became dry and rough. This sensation is called apprehension ; therefore, a wine that alppa is a wine rich in tannins. Some red wines are particularly high in quantity, while the tannic content of white wines is significantly lower

Oak Barrels - Wine and Liqueurs

Why oak? We often read that certain aged wines or liqueurs are stored in fine oak barrels . One of the important characteristics of oak (oak wood) is the ability to release tannins useful for storing wine; moreover, the tannins pass from the barrel to the wine, modifying the aromas in a marked manner, especially if the cask is new

Best Whiskey in the World from Taiwan

Source: 2015 was a surprise for all whiskey lovers, revealing a new (or almost) product that literally stunned both the jury and the competition (Scotland, Japan and Ireland). The commission of the "World Whiskeys Awards" awarded a whiskey from Taiwan as the best "single malt" this year