Mineral water

What is mineral water "Natural mineral waters are waters that, having their origin from an underground stratum or reservoir, come from one or more natural or perforated springs and which have particular hygienic characteristics and properties favorable to health". With this definition, Legislative Decree 105 of 25 January 1992 establishes the meaning of the term "natural mineral water"


What is vinegar? Vinegar is a fluid with an acid pH obtained from the acetic fermentation of alcohol (and / or carbohydrates) thanks to the work of some aerobic bacteria. Among these microorganisms, the most widespread and used production strains are those of the genus Acetobacter (such as Bacterium aceti , more correctly called Acetobacter aceti )

Rice Vinegar

What is rice vinegar? Rice vinegar ( rice vinegar in iglese) is a condiment with an acid taste, obtained by fermenting starchy rice seeds (botanical species Oryza sativa ). Traditional ingredient of Chinese, Japanese, Korean and Vietnamese cuisine, today rice vinegar is also widespread in the West, where it arrived (together with sake) mainly thanks to the gohan rice recipe (widely used in sushi)

Water Lete

Generality Lete is the most sold natural effervescent mineral water in Italy. The Lete water springs are located in the southern Apennines, on the border between Campania and Molise. Lete SpA produces and distributes Lete, Sorgesana and Prata mineral waters. Acqua Lete is considered a mineral water with unique characteristics, as it has a low sodium content (5

Tonic water

Generality Tonic water (in English tonic water or indian tonic water ) is a carbonated beverage characterized by the presence of quinine (or quinine). The latter is an alkaloid organized in white crystals and having properties: antipyretic (which prevent fever), anti-inflammatory (which fight inflammation), analgesics (painkillers), antimalarials (against malaria) and bittering (which give the bitter taste )

Bread Tree and Breadfruit Flour

Bread Tree The bread tree is a tropical plant widespread in India, South-East Asia and in some islands of the Pacific Ocean (Leeward and Windward); currently, it also finds space in some Caribbean islands, as well as in Africa. It belongs to the family of the Moraceae (the same of the Mulberry), to the Genus Artocarpus and to the Specie altilis ; the binomial nomenclature of the bread tree is Artocarpus altilis

New Gamma foods

What are they? New range is a food classification. New range foods are products that are subdivided according to the degree of PROCESSING; all the treatments useful for the production of new range foods are aimed at favoring their preservation, reducing their overall perishability. New range foods are classified into: First range Second range Third range Fourth range Fifth range Let's see them in more detail

Foods that Contain Lactose

Milk and Dairy in the Diet Foods that contain lactose are: MILK, DAIRY PRODUCTS AND DERIVATIVES MILK MILK POWDER (preservative - thickener) Lactose is a disaccharide glucide, or a dimer composed of two simple sugars, glucose and galactose respectively. Lactose is a unique carbohydrate, it comes from milk and its presence in food is a prerogative of those who (for one reason or another) derive it or contain it

Dietary foods

Generality According to the first law in force (n ° 327 of March 29th 1951), dietetic foods could be defined: "the products to which, or due to the process of working or by the addition of particular substances, particular and / or definitive dietary properties have been conferred". Following the Legislative Decree (DL) No.

Innovative Food (Novel Foods)

What are? The INNOVATIVE or novel foods are foods to which a different production process has been applied than the common one, or genetic modifications have been applied in order to obtain advantages such as: increased resistance to pests, changes in the nutritional value, changes in metabolism and changes in the content of undesirable substances present in the traditional food

Food, new food products and diet foods

Definition of food Foods are LIQUID or SOLID, PROCESSED, SEMIPROCESATE or CRUDE substances, to be taken with the aim of: Restore, maintain or improve the body's energy balance Make nutrients or other molecules important for maintaining overall homeostasis or for tissue growth and repair processes Confer "pleasant sensations" thanks to its organoleptic properties

Fat-rich foods

Foods rich in fats or lipids are all those foods which, from a chemical and nutritional standpoint, are distinguished by their high intake of triglycerides and / or cholesterol. Triglycerides and cholesterol Fats are substances soluble in organic solvents and not very soluble in water; it is difficult to define the functional unit of fats, as they represent a fairly heterogeneous group of all different molecules


What is the Laurel? The laurel is an aromatic Mediterranean plant, perennial and evergreen, belonging to the Lauraaceae family, Genus Laurus , Species L. nobilis ; the binomial nomenclature of the laurel is Laurus nobilis . NB . There are other species related to laurel, such as the California laurel , the West Indian bay and the lauroceraso (toxic)

Tomato and bacon

Generality Amatriciana means a sauce of condiment for dry pasta. Amatriciana ODIERNA is based on pork cheeks, pecorino cheese and peeled tomatoes. It is a very energetic food due to the massive presence of fatty acids; on the other hand, to an evaluation of the "finished" dish ( Spaghetti or Bucatini all'Amatriciana ), the predominant energy nutrients are the starches of the dry pasta

Amaretti biscuits

Generality Macaroons are sweet foods of dry pastry, more precisely biscuits, which according to the original recipe can take on a dry or soft consistency; all macaroons have a typical bitter-sweet taste, a more or less convex discoid shape, a rough and cracked surface, and a beige color tending to gold

Water bath

Bain-marie Cooking Technique The "bain-marie" is a cooking technique characterized by the indirect transmission of heat. It is in fact based on the use of a first container that contains hot water, in which a second container is immersed that contains the food to be cooked. The first container is heated directly on the fire or on a plate

Drinks - General information and types of drinks

The drinks include a large number of liquids called accessories or even complementary , which is why "the National Research Institute for Food and Nutrition (INRAN)" and "the Italian Society of Human Nutrition (SINU)" did not frame them all inside the 7 food groups. Beverage classification Drinks can be classified into: Alcoholic beverages NON alcoholic drinks The main (or mostly consumed) alcoholic beverages are wine and beer, but the group contains all the liquids containing ethyl alcohol (spirits, fermented, liqueurs, alcopops, etc

Bettelmatt by R.Borgacci

What's this What is bettelmatt? Bettelmatt (battelmatt) is a summer mountain cheese typical of Northern Italy. It is produced in the Valle Ossola Superiore, in the province of Verbano - Cusio - Ossola, on the border between the Piedmont region and Switzerland; the area is called Alpe di Formazza

American coffee

Generality American coffee (or café) (abbreviated, only "Americano") is a drink made by infusing coffee roasted and ground seeds. It is prepared in a similar way to an espresso, but contains more water, added at a later time. Technically, American coffee should NOT be synonymous with "long espresso coffee", instead obtained thanks to a greater flow of water.

Decaffeinated coffee by R.Borgacci

What's this What is decaffeinated coffee? Decaffeinated coffee is a beverage obtained by infusion of decaffeinated drugs, ie subjected to caffeine removal - a process that occurs when the coffee seeds are still green and raw. Also read: "Caffè Verde Crudo". Decaffeinated coffee was born at the beginning of the 20th century.

Chicory coffee by R.Borgacci

What's this What is chicory coffee? Chicory coffee is a drink made from the infusion - at high temperature - of toasted chicory root powder. Chicory is a fairly general term; these are called herbaceous plants of the Asteraceae Family (Compositae), genus Cichorium , but the species used for the drink in question is the intybus

Barley coffee

Watch the video X Watch the video on youtube What's this ? Barley coffee (known in English as coffee of barley ), sometimes simply abbreviated to "Orzo", is a typical Italian hot drink. It is a traditional coffee substitute, obtained thanks to the infusion of roasted and ground barley; as such, it does not contain caffeine


What is cappuccino? Cappuccino is a typical Italian coffee drink, especially from Trieste (presumably his hometown). Cappuccino, latte macchiato (a more refined alternative to coffee and milk) and coffees (black or macchiato, hot or cold), are the irreplaceable drinks of the Italian breakfast. They are traditionally accompanied by sweet foods such as brioches, cakes and various desserts (biscuits, biscuits, etc

bacon and egg

Generality In the gastronomic field, the term carbonara indicates an accompanying sauce for dry pasta. Generally, the pasta shapes that are best combined with carbonara are spaghetti, but there are also recipes with penne, linguine or fusilli. The ingredients that make up the sauce are: pork or bacon cheek (the relevance of one or the other can be grasped in the paragraph of Historical Notes), pecorino, eggs (egg yolks and egg whites in a ratio of 3/4 to 1) and black pepper

Casatiello: Recipe, Nutritional Properties and Use in the Diet by R.Borgacci

What's this What is the casatiello? Casatiello is the name of a typical Easter recipe from Campania, of which however there are numerous versions. The most famous is the Neapolitan one, but there are variants from Caserta, Nola, Salerno and Vesuvius - that is, from the areas surrounding the volcano

Chinese Water Chestnuts

What are Chinese water chestnuts or simply water chestnuts are the edible rhizomes of a herbaceous plant typical of Asia (China, Japan, India, Philippines, etc.), of Australia, of tropical Africa, of some islands of the Ocean Pacific and others of the Indian. How are they made? Chinese water chestnuts are small and rounded in shape; the skin is glossy brown, while the flesh is white and crunchy

Chervil: Nutritional Properties, Role in Diet, Health Properties and Use in the Kitchen by R.Borgacci

What's this What is chervil? The French chervil or parsley (Genus Anthriscus and cerefolium species) - in English "french parsley" - is an aromatic vegetable from which fresh leaves are used as a spice or garnish in the kitchen, or as a remedy in folk medicine. Chervil has an annual life cycle and grows quite easily throughout the northern temperate zone

Chili - Chili and Chili con Carne

Chili can be used to refer to both "Salsa Chili" and the well-known "Chili con Carne" dish. The term "chili" is Spanish and in turn derives from "chīlli", which in the language nāhuatl (atzeco) means chili pepper; as you can easily guess, the fruit of this plant native to South America represents a characteristic ingredient of both preparations.

Diabetic Foods

Diabetixo patient feeding The foods for diabetics are the same as those expected in a healthy and balanced diet; the substantial difference between the diabetic's diet and that of the healthy subject is the lower tolerance with which we deviate from the recommendations contained in the guidelines for: Frequency of consumption of foods rich in simple refined carbohydrates with a high glycemic index Portions of the same Two simple tips related to the consumption of foods for diabetics may seem insufficient, but in principle they represent the two cornerstones of food therapy for hyperglycemia


Coca cola is a carbonated, sweet and caramelized drink; it undoubtedly represents one of the most well-known and distributed drinks on the entire planet, if not the most famous. Coca Cola and Disputes Since the 2000s, some quite significant criticisms have attempted to weaken the Coca-cola brand. Disputes have been raised regarding various issues, including: health impact, environmental impact and commercial practices

American breakfast

What is an American breakfast? American breakfast is often made up of a cereal-based recipe and / or an egg-based one. However, other products are also widely used, such as pancakes, waffles and many variations of the full English breakfast (bacon, sausages, eggs, other cooked foods and a drink such as American coffee or tea) and continental (juice fruit, coffee and buttered bread and / or with jam)

Fish Glue: Characteristics, Properties and How to Use in R.Borgacci's Kitchen

What's this What is isinglass Fish paste or "ittiocolla" - in English: isinglass - is the vulgar name of an ingredient / additive (E441) based on collagen (protein), with a thickening and gelling function, very common both in home cooking and in industry - food, cosmetics, pharmacology etc

Cremor Tartaro

What is Cremor Tartrato? Cremor tartrate (or cream of tartar ) - chemically known as potassium bitartrate and also known as potassium acid tartrate - is the potassium salt of tartaric acid (a carboxylic acid). Above: cremortartar crystals in an empty wine bottle. Below: chemical formula of potassium bitartrate

Crepes: Recipe, Variations, Video Recipes, Nutritional Properties and Use in the Diet by R.Borgacci

What are Crepes is the plural noun for "crepe", in French correct "crepe" - in the plural: "crepes". They have the appearance of very thin discs of dough, soft and elastic, yellow in color, generally stuffed and folded to form a half moon, a triangle or segment or a cannoli / cannelloni

Wheat bran

What is that Wheat bran is a waste product resulting from the refining of triticum eastivum . Wheat bran is born as a processing residue for animal feed; therefore, the costs related to its purchase WERE nearly zero; however, to date, wheat bran is marketed in the same way as a food supplement for the "regularization of the intestine", and often constitutes an essential ingredient of dietary and / or added foods

Baking sugars - positive and negative aspects

Synonyms of sugar : glucide, glycide, carbohydrate, carbon hydrate . Through the cooking of food, various nutritional alterations are created, interesting both from a health and hygiene-food point of view, as well as technical and culinary; of these, some can be considered positive while others, by contrast, are decidedly unfavorable

Hemp flour

Generality Hemp seed flour - more simply called hemp flour - is a food obtained from the grinding of the seeds of Cannabis sativa L. Until a few years ago, hemp flour (or rather the cake , that is the remnant of the squeezing of the seeds for oil extraction) and the bran (remnant of the hulling of the raw seeds), were destined to feed the livestock

Coconut flour

Generality Coconut flour is the powder (more or less fine, but generally very coarse compared to the cereal flours) obtained by grinding the dried coconut pulp. Coconut means the fruit of the tropical palm belonging to the genus Cocos , Specie nucifera ; the binomial nomenclature of this plant is Cocos nucifera

Cricket flour

Crickets to eat Some food industries are focusing on producing insect-based foods. Among the various species, one in particular seems to lend itself considerably to farming: the ground cricket (genus Acheta ). This animal seems to take advantage of nutritional characteristics to say the least excellent, which is why we expect a very rapid expansion of its use in human nutrition as early as the second half of the 21st century

Pea flour

peas Peas are foods of vegetable origin belonging to the group of legumes. They are produced from the Pisum sativum plant, commonly known as the pea, of which they constitute the seeds; this annual herbaceous plant belongs to the Fabaceae family (also known as Papilionaceae or Leguminosae ), the same as beans, lupins, broad beans, chickpeas, peanuts, lentils and grass peas, as well as tamarind and carob