baby's health


Generality The homogenized are foods of a promiscuous consistency between solid and liquid, used above all for infant weaning; They do NOT require chewing, therefore, more generally, they are very useful in the case of incomplete dental structuring. The homogenized therefore represent the food of passage between the liquid feeding of the infant and the solid one of the weaned infant, but they are also used in hospital and geriatric nutrition

Angioma of the Neonate of I.Randi

Generality Angioma of the newborn is a benign vascular tumor that occurs in some children. Also known by the common name of " birthmark ", the angioma of the newborn appears as a patch of red with indefinite contours and variable dimensions. In most cases, this benign formation tends to regress spontaneously within a few years, without causing problems

Cystitis in Children

Generality Cystitis in children is an inflammatory disorder that can occur in both very young children and school-age children. This disorder is characterized by inflammation of the bladder wall, generally due to a bacterial infection. The main bacteria responsible for cystitis in children is Escherichia coli


Definition of cretinism The term "cretinism" identifies a pathology caused by the considerable lack of thyroid hormones, generated, in turn, by the complete absence of the thyroid gland (gland located below the Adam's apple) or by a functional deficit of the same, which makes it unable to synthesize the aforementioned hormones: Thyroxine (T4) and Triiodothyronine (T3)

Diarrhea of ​​the newborn

Generality Diarrhea in the newborn is a disorder that consists of the emission of liquid or semi-liquid faeces by children aged 28 days or less (newborns); in common parlance, older children (eg up to 1 year of age) tend to be considered newborns. In these early stages of life, diarrhea can be caused by a viral, bacterial or parasitic infection, a food allergy, the ingestion of a toxic substance, excessive consumption of fruit juices, otitis, from the misuse of antibiotics etc

Umbilical hernia - Symptoms and Therapy

Definition of umbilical hernia The umbilical hernia is a bulge towards the outside of the abdominal lining - or a part of the organ contained in the cavity of the abdomen - through the navel. The umbilical hernia is a rather frequent condition in the newborn and in the small child, fruit of a defect of closing of the abdominal wall after the fall of the umbilical cord

Umbilical hernia

Key points The umbilical hernia is a protrusion of the abdominal lining - or of a part of an abdominal organ - through the navel. This is a particularly frequent condition in infants and young children, particularly of African ethnicity; adults and the elderly can also be affected. Classification There are more variants of umbilical hernia: EMBRYON ERNIA: often incompatible with the life of the unborn child FETAL ERNIA: appears after the third month of gestational life CHILD ERNIA OR NEONATAL: the most common of all

Kawasaki disease in short

Scroll down the page to read the summary table on Kawasaki's disease Kawasaki disease Febrile vasculitis with an acute course typical of infants up to the age of 4: autoimmune disease that affects the arteries of small and medium size Kawasaki disease: etymology of the term The term "Kawasaki disease" comes from its discoverer: around 1960, Dr

Kawasaki disease

Definition Among the diseases of possible infectious etiology, Kawasaki disease stands out: it is a febrile vasculitis with an acute course, typical of infants up to the age of four. As we know, vasculitis is an inflammation of the blood vessels, including therefore the arteries; more precisely, Kawasaki disease is an autoimmune disease that affects small and medium-sized arteries

Ophthalitis - Navel Infection

Key points The infalite is a chronic inflammation of the navel, from which an abundant purulent and malodorous secretion emerges. Ophthalitis: causes The CAUSE of hyaluritis lies in polymicrobial infections. The most involved pathogens are: Staphylococcus aureus , Streptococcus pyogenes, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Proteus mirabilis

Washable diapers by I.Randi

Introduction Washable diapers are reusable diapers several times, since they are made with fabrics and materials that can be machine washed. At a time when many consumers are becoming more sensitive to environmental issues, the use of washable diapers seems to be expanding. In truth, to increase the use of this type of diaper there is also the economic savings that can result for new mothers and new dads who, with the birth of a baby, are already facing numerous expenses

Early pubertal development

Early puberty "Early pubertal development" is defined as the rapid pre-term growth of a subject with respect to the population in question; the pubertal development of the individual, however, suddenly stops, causing serious anatomical, structural and statutory consequences in adulthood. Pubertal development is considered "early" when secondary sexual characteristics appear before the age of 8; this definition is refined to "anticipated puberty" in the case in which the secondary sexual characters appear between 8 and 10 years of age

Causes of childhood obesity

By Dr. Davide Sganzerla Childhood obesity has a multifactorial genesis; as such, it is the result of different causes, more or less obvious, that interact with each other. First, it is due to an excessive and poor diet, linked or not to a reduced physical activity and to genetic-family factors. The cases of obesity linked to hormonal alterations such as hypothyroidism or adrenal dysfunctions are rare

Childhood obesity: the solutions to adopt according to the ministry of health

By Dr. Davide Sganzerla The first rule to avoid the possible risk of obesity is PREVENTION. If the child tends to gain weight, it is necessary to take immediate action, without waiting for him to gain too much weight. There are no strict rules, no infallible recipes, it is enough to adopt simple behavioral measures; above all, once sensitized to the problem, parents should never give up and lower their guard

Childhood obesity

By Dr. Davide Sganzerla Childhood obesity is a problem of considerable social importance. The phenomenon, which affects one child in four in Italy, is the result of a positive energy balance continued over time; in practice, more calories are introduced than are consumed. Insights Definition of childhood obesityCauses of childhood obesityConsiderations of childhood obesityChildhood obesity in ItalyChildhood obesity in Europe and the WorldChildhood obesity: solutions Prevention of childhood obesityChildhood obesity: prevention The definition of overweight and childhood obesity is more complex th

Childhood obesity: the consequences

By Dr. Davide Sganzerla Until recently, the complications of childhood obesity were clinically evident only after many years. Clinical studies of obese children have suggested a number of medical conditions for which obese children are at greatest risk. As shown in Table 2, there are few apparatuses that severe obesity does not affect

Statistics on childhood obesity in Europe and the world

By Dr. Davide Sganzerla According to the latest evaluations of the International Obesity Task Force (May 2004), one in ten children worldwide is overweight. There are about 155 million school-age children who are overweight and within these, around 30-45 million are obese. Figure 7 shows the percentages of overweight and obese school-age children in various regions of the world in the late 1990s

Statistics on childhood obesity in Italy

By Dr. Davide Sganzerla In Italy there are many children and adolescents who complain of a bad relationship with the balance; the statistical evidence leaves no doubt: overweight and obesity in the developmental age are certainly not a rare phenomenon. In our country, in fact, in 1999-2000, the percentage of overweight children and adolescents reached about 20%, while the proportion of obese people was 4%

Children: precautions in the sun

The sun is precious for children , but due caution is needed. Despite having a number of melanocytes equal to adults, in fact, their organism is still not able to correctly produce melanin , the substance that is activated when the skin is exposed to the sun, protecting it. It must also be considered that children have thinner skin than adults, so they are more sensitive to UV, which can easily penetrate deep

Childhood Botulism

Infant botulism can occur when a child ingests Clostridium botulinum- type bacteria (such as honey, especially if unpasteurized), which joints in the intestine will produce neurotoxic toxins. These affect muscular contractility and therefore also the movement of ventilation, making the pathology potentially lethal; fortunately, nowadays, this occurrence is more unique than rare

ADHD: unexpected strengths of patients

For years, doctors and experts have studied attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ( ADHD ) in terms of symptoms (drop in concentration, impulsiveness, restlessness, etc.), of abnormal behaviors assumed by the patients, of therapy and of triggering or favoring factors . Since, however, they have discovered that the ADHD patient presents with some frequency also some curious abilities , they have begun to focus part of their studies precisely on these unexpected abilities, which can also be defined as "positive aspects" or "strengths" of the disease

ADHD: symptoms of the inattentive variant in short

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ( ADHD ) is a neuropsychic disorder typical of children, which causes obvious and frequent episodes of inattention (or decline in concentration), hyperactivity and / or impulsivity . After years of studies, mental health experts have noticed that there are at least three variants of ADHD : inattentive , overactive-impulsive and combined

ADHD: symptoms of the hyperactive-impulsive variant in short

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ( ADHD ) is a neuropsychic disorder typical of children, which causes obvious and frequent episodes of inattention (or decline in concentration), hyperactivity and / or impulsivity . After years of studies, mental health experts have noticed that there are at least three variants of ADHD : inattentive , overactive-impulsive and combined

Who is the pediatrician?

Pediatrics is the branch of medicine that is concerned with the physical, mental and emotional well-being of newborns, children and adolescents. The pediatrician , therefore, is a doctor who specializes in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of all the problems and all the diseases that can arise during the years of development

Neonatal Listeriosis

During pregnancy, the transmission of listeriosis from mother to child can occur by transplacental or at birth, during passage through the vaginal canal. Transplacental infection generally leads to abortion, fetal death, preterm labor or neonatal sepsis. If the pregnancy comes to an end, neonatal listeriosis can occur after a few hours or days after birth : the newborn appears underweight and over-excitable

After chickenpox, when is it possible to go back to school?

Chickenpox is no longer contagious 5-7 days after the appearance of the first skin manifestations. In practice, when all the vesicles have turned into scabs, the child can no longer transmit the disease and can return to school, even if his signs are still evident on the body. The scabs will take a few more days to dry completely and fall off

Soymilk: Preparation, Allergies and Infants

Soy milk contains good percentages of iron, present in double quantities compared to whole cow's milk. Instead, there is a lack of calcium and vitamin B12, often added to raise the nutritional and health profile of the food. Homemade Soy Milk At home, soy milk is obtained by grinding the seeds, left to soak overnight (in order to remove some anti-nutritional factors)

Remedies for the Colic of the Newborn

For colic of the newborn is meant a typical infant syndrome characterized by desperate and inconsolable crying, triggered by a very strong and acute abdominal pain. To be defined as such, a neonatal colic must last at least 3 hours a day, last over 3 days a week and persist for at least 3 weeks. It is rather simple to hypothesize a neonatal colic: the infant, in addition to crying desperately, contracts by pulling the legs towards the abdomen and manifests continuous episodes of flatulence

Remedies for Night Enuresis

Enuresis is the scientific term that indicates the loss of involuntary urine. When it happens during the night it is commonly called "bed pee". It is a different disorder than urinary incontinence and pollakiuria. Nocturnal enuresis is considered normal until the age of 5-6 years, age when (usually) urination control is achieved

Acetone in children by G.Bertelli

Generality Acetone in children is a transient metabolism disorder. This condition occurs quite frequently during childhood, when the body lacks sugars (ie the first source from which the body draws energy). Acetone in children can be the consequence of inappetence or prolonged fasting due, for example, to high fever or intestinal disorders

Adenoids in children

Generality The adenoids are small masses of lymphatic tissue , located on the posterior wall of the nasopharynx (behind the nose). Together with the palatine tonsils, the adenoids compete, to perform an immune protection function , important especially during childhood . In some cases, however, the task of the adenoids can fail: after repeated bacterial or viral aggressions, this tissue can excessively increase in volume (hypertrophy) and turn, in turn, into an outbreak of infection for the whole organism

Terrible child

Behavioral Symptoms Who is the Terrible Child? It is a child who does "what he wants": he does not obey his parents, he tyrannizes them and blackmails them continuously, he provokes them by always opposing a refusal to their invitations or to their orders, in ways that go from a simple firm refusal (he says no), to hysterical scenes if you find yourself among the people: in the shops, for example, he cries, stamps his feet, rolls on the floor, so that parents feel compelled to satisfy him so as not to look bad

Baby Bath by G.Bertelli

Generality The baby's bath is an important habit for hygiene, well-being and physiological, cognitive, emotional and relational development. In the first months of life, in fact, this moment represents a further opportunity for exchange and interaction between mother and child , in the form of cuddles, contacts, games, cries and laughter

Head Circumference

The measurement and the evaluation of the head circumference represent, together with other anthropometric parameters (length, weight, thickness of the triceps folds, abdominal and thoracic circumference), an excellent indicator to evaluate the growth of the newborn and the child. How to measure The head circumference is measured with an inelastic tailor at the widest point of the head, ie just above the ears (between the occipital protrusion and the eyebrow line); subsequent measurements will be detected by placing the metric tape always in the same point

Conjunctivitis in the Child

Generality Conjunctivitis in children is a widespread disorder, but it should not be underestimated, in order to avoid the onset of complications that can also be serious. Conjunctivitis is an inflammation of the conjunctiva, which can be triggered by several factors. Generally, conjunctivitis in children is an easily diagnosable and treatable disorder; however, if you suspect that your child may be suffering from conjunctivitis, you should always contact the pediatrician

Dictionary of Evolutionary Age

Very often, when we talk about pregnancy, breastfeeding and puerperium, some medical terms are used indiscriminately, almost as if they were synonyms; in reality, each of these words has a very specific meaning. According to the stage of the evolutionary process, for example, we will talk about zygote, embryo, fetus, newborn, child and adolescent

Diarrhea in the Child

Generality Diarrhea in children is a rather frequent gastrointestinal disorder, which can be caused by factors of various origins and nature. It is characterized by the rapid and urgent emission of faeces, having a semi-liquid or watery consistency, several times during the day. Diarrhea affects children of both sexes and of all ages, from infants to school-age children

Dehydration in Children

Causes and generalities The term dehydration indicates an excessive depletion of body water, which under normal conditions constitutes about 80% by weight of the child. The possible causes of origin are quite numerous, often accumunate from the fever rise, from the vomit, from the diarrhea and / or from the temporary impossibility of drinking

Fever in the Child

Fever: When to worry? Fever in children is the most common reason for requesting a visit from the family, especially because it causes concern in the family group. Fever is not a disease, but a symptom; as such, it can be caused by a trivial reason or underlie a serious condition, as well as, sometimes, have causes that are not immediately identifiable

Cleft lip

Generality The cleft lip , also known as cheiloschisis or cleft lip , is a congenital malformation that affects the upper lip and determines, on the latter, the presence of one or two fissures of varying size. In general, the labbroleporino is associated with another congenital malformation of the face: the so-called cleft palate