bone health

Prevent Osteoporosis

The prevention of osteoporosis concerns a set of suggestions concerning the habits and lifestyle of the general population; it is a matter of expedients useful for the PROTECTION of health against a strongly debilitating disease. Put simply, the prevention of osteoporosis is represented by a set of protective measures adopted to limit the onset of a skeletal disorder


Definition and classification The rickets is a skeletal pathology (osteopathy) with infantile onset, caused by a defect in the mineralization of the bone matrix and potentially responsible, in an advanced stage, for deformity and bone fractures. Based on the etiopathogenesis of rickets it is possible to classify it as: Rickitism due to altered intake of vit D (calciferol): lack of rickets rickets due to chronic intestinal malabsorption Rickets with altered hepatic metabolism of vit D: rickets in hepato-biliary diseases (hepatic osteodystrophy) chronic treatment rickets with anticonvulsant drugs


What is Arthrosis Osteoarthritis - also called osteoarthritis or less correctly osteoarthritis - is a chronic disease that affects the joints ( arthropathy ). It is a degenerative type of disease, as it leads to the progressive loss of the normal anatomical components that form the joints. Osteoarthritis mainly affects the spine (the vertebrae) and the joints of the limbs, and is characterized by the loss of articular cartilage, which is replaced by new bone tissue; this causes pain and a limitation in movements

Septic arthritis

Septic arthritis: definition In medicine, septic arthritis designates a complex clinical picture, supported by a bacterial infection affecting a joint: to create similar damage, the pathogen, after having invaded the membrane and the synovial fluid, gives rise to an exaggerated inflammatory response, which can lead to the formation of the so-called piartro , a purulent exudate in the joint space

Septic Arthritis: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Cure

Septic arthritis: introduction As analyzed in the previous discussion, septic arthritis is a painful infection of the joints, the cause of which resides more often in bacterial insults and, more rarely, in viral and fungal attacks. Septic arthritis gives rise to extremely painful symptoms associated with redness, swelling and a burning sensation; After analyzing the symptoms of septic arthritis in more detail, we will analyze the diagnostic strategies and therapies available for treating the disease

Coxa Valga

Generality The coxa valga is the deformity of the hip in which the angle existing between the head-neck complex of the femur and the body of the femur measures at least 140 degrees, that is at least 5 degrees more than that which represents normality. Image taken from An example of valgus, coxa valga can be the result of some neuromuscular diseases (eg: cerebral palsy), some skeletal dysplasias (eg: mucopolysaccharidosis) or hip trauma at a young age, such as to alter the normal growth process of the femur

Coxa Vara

Generality The coxa vara is the deformity of the hip in which the angle existing between the head-neck complex of the femur and the body of the femur measures less than the minimum value considered normal, which is 120 degrees. Image taken from An example of varus, the coxa vara can be a congenital deformity (ie present since birth) or acquired (that is, developed in the course of life, following some disease or other condition)

Bilateral Coxarthrosis

Generality Bilateral coxarthrosis is osteoarthritis in both hip joints. Typical of advanced age, bilateral coxarthrosis can be an idiopathic condition - that is, that arises without recognizable causes - or a secondary condition, that is supported by a very specific factor; the causative factors of secondary bilateral coxarthrosis include diseases such as congenital dysplasia of the hip, trauma to the hip, obesity, diseases of the cartilage, etc


Definition of spondylosis Spondylosis is a degenerative disease that involves the cervical spine, vertebral bodies and contiguous intervertebral tissues. It is a generalized arthrosis in the vertebral column, in which the progressive, albeit slow, deformation of the posterior vertebral joints and of the disc is expected

Cervical pain

Message sent by: Salvatore Hi Salvatore, if the traumatic event dates back to about 5 years ago I suppose in the meantime you have carried out all the necessary investigations (x-rays, magnetic resonances, specialist examinations, etc.). If these checks have shown a simple stretching of the neck muscles of the left side you need to know that this is an acute traumatic event that generally should be resolved within 15-30 days

Sports hernia

Sports hernia is caused by congenital weakness of the posterior wall of the inguinal canal. A weakness of these tissues often causes a small intestine tract to escape, giving rise to an inguinal hernia. The causes and the symptomatology of these two types of hernia are in fact very similar but while the groin leads to the appearance of a more or less large swelling located at the level of the groin, the sports hernia does not cause any swelling visible to the naked eye or appreciable to the touch

Lumbar Hernia

Message sent by: Maria Grazia Hi Maria Grazia, lumbar hernia is a fairly common problem. Some people live with a herniated disc for life without even noticing it. Others are not so fortunate and suffer from repeated attacks of low back pain, cruralgia or sciatica (pain that radiates until reaching the front and back of the thigh respectively)

Inguinal hernia

What is the inguinal hernia? The term hernia indicates the outflow of a viscus (that is, of an internal organ in a body cavity), or part of it, from the natural cavity that normally contains it. Specifically, the term inguinal hernia indicates the exit of the bowel from the hernial gate located in the inguinal region

Slipped disc

Generality The term hernia indicates the escape of a viscus (that is of an internal organ in a body cavity) or of part of it from the natural cavity that normally contains it. Specifically, the term herniated disc indicates the leakage of material from the nucleus pulposus of the intervertebral disc, caused by the breakage of the fibers of the fibrous ring that form the disc wall

Disc hernia and bodybuilding

Message sent by: Vincenzo Hello Vincenzo, muscle strengthening in the event of a herniated disc may bring multiple benefits to the subject provided that certain precise rules are followed. First of all the training program must first of all go to rebalance a muscular situation that in many cases is compromised

Medications to treat cervical spondylosis

Generality Cervical spondylosis - also known as cervical osteoarthritis - is a degenerative pathology involving the cervical spine, vertebral bodies and contiguous intervertebral tissues. Furthermore, very often cervical spondylosis is related to other diseases such as myelopathy and radiculopathy. Causes The causes that lead to the onset of cervical spondylosis can be of different nature

Geodes, Subchondral Geodes - Bone Cysts

Subchondral geodes - also known as subarticular pseudocysts, subchondral cysts or more simply bone cysts - represent an important sign of osteoarthritis (osteoarthritis) and other joint diseases, such as gouty arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. The term "geodi", typically European, inconvenient for comparison with mineralogy, where the geode is a small hollow rock bounded by crystals


Generality Ischium is one of the three bony components of the iliac bone, together with ilio and pubis. Specifically, it represents the lower and posterior part of the iliac bone, which is the hip bone. Located inferiorly to the ilium and posteriorly to the pubis, the ischium has three anatomically relevant sections: the body of the ischium, the upper branch of the ischium and the lower branch of the ischium

Osteophytes and Osteophytosis

Osteophytes are small bone spurs, similar to a pink thorn, a beak or a claw, which are formed along the articular margins of bones affected by erosive and irritative chronic processes. Typical of arthrosis, these small growths are a common radiological finding in the knee and hip joints, but also in the intervertebral discs and in general in all the joints affected by chronic degenerative or inflammatory diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis


The trochanter is a bony protrusion of the femur. The two trochanters of the femur. The small trochanter, circled in red, is located in the inner region; the large trochanter, circled in orange, is located in the outer region of the femur. The femur is the longest and largest bone in the human body, which forms the skeleton of the thigh

Osteonecrosis of the Jaw

Osteonecrosis of the jaw is a serious disease that affects one or both jaw bones (jaw and jaw). Osteonecrosis literally means "death of the bone". It is therefore easy to understand how mandibular osteonecrosis leads to infectious complications (osteomyelitis), with chronic ulceration of the oral mucosa and exposure of the underlying necrotic bone

Hyperhomocysteinemia: Psychiatric Diseases and Skeletal Health

Typically, hyperhomocysteinemia is associated with physical cardio vascular discomforts; however, it seems that excessive levels of this molecule in the blood can also cause completely different types of disorders. In particular, as regards the psychiatric aspect, high levels of homocysteine ​​in the blood lead back to an increase in the incidence of Alzheimer's disease. Th

Hyaluronic Acid Supplements

What is Hyaluronic Acid? Hyaluronic acid is a high molecular weight linear polysaccharide, widely present in the connective tissues of organisms, including humans. It concentrates above all at the level of the synovial fluid (which wets the articular surfaces, preserving them from wear), of the cartilage, of the vitreous humor of the eye and of the umbilical cord


What is that Osteoporosis is a systemic disease of the skeleton, characterized by reduced bone mass and deterioration of the microarchitecture of bone tissue, resulting in an increase in fragility and a predisposition to fractures, especially of the hip, spine and wrist. Bone Life Cycle Bone is a living and complex tissue that changes continuously and continuously repairs itself

Remedies for Rheumatism

Some uncomfortable symptoms affecting the joint system are defined as rheumatism. Almost always characterized by intense pain (only in motion or even from a standstill), stiffness and scarce general functionality, sometimes they radiate to muscle, tendon, ligament, bone and visceral level. They are the consequence of some rheumatic diseases (degenerative like arthrosis, inflammatory like arthritis) and even hereditary metabolic pathologies (for example hyperuricemia / gout, diabetes etc)


See also: Gigantism Definition Acromegaly is a chronic, rare and debilitating syndrome caused by a hypersecretion of the hGH hormone during adulthood. Symptoms and Complications To learn more: Symptoms Acromegaly Gigantism : Robert Wadlow, 2 meters and 72 cm, next to his father, shows us the effects of a hyper-secretion of GH during development

Rheumatoid arthritis: Treatment

Treatment Similar to what happens with osteoarthritis, there is no cure for rheumatoid arthritis. As mentioned in the introductory part, the manifestations associated with it, as well as its progression, can still be controlled by physical and pharmacological therapies. These include: correct information of the patient (the knowledge of his own physical conditions allows a better management of the disease; through a correct information the subject acquires, for example, the awareness of avoiding physical efforts or particular movements that could further damage the joints affected by the diseas

Interapofisaria Osteoarthritis of G.Bertelli

Generality Interapophyseal arthrosis (or posterior vertebral arthrosis) is a degenerative pathology involving the joints of the spine. This process occurs when in an articulation an imbalance occurs between the functional stresses and the resistance of the cartilage , favored or aggravated by local or general factors, such as concomitant diseases, age, genetic predisposition and lifestyle

Rheumatoid arthritis

Generality Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic, systemic and debilitating inflammatory disease, with a not clearly defined etiology, but probably of autoimmune origin. It mainly affects the symmetrical joints, but also tendons, synovium, muscles, bags and other body tissues. Symptoms Symptoms commonly associated with rheumatoid arthritis affect the joint sites and include swelling, sensation of heat, pain on palpation and limitation of movement

Edema Osseo

Generality Bone edema is the medical term that indicates the abnormal accumulation of fluids within the bones with bone marrow. More frequent in the long bones of the upper and lower limbs, bone edema can arise as a result of: strong bone trauma, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, ligament injuries of an important joint, episodes of severe synovitis, osteonecrosis or bone tumors of primary type

Colles fracture

Generality The Colles fracture is the characteristic fracture of the distal end of the radius; radium is one of the two bones that make up the skeleton of the forearm and its distal end is the bone section closest to the hand, also involved in the important wrist joint. X-ray of a Colles Fracture. From Wikipedia

Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP)

Generality Serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) determination is used in the diagnosis of skeletal and liver diseases . ALP is an enzyme, a marker of bone formation located on the plasma membrane of osteoblasts (cells of the body responsible for the synthesis of bone tissue). What's this Alkaline phosphatase (or ALP, which stands for "alkaline phosphatase level") is an enzyme found in various tissues of the body


Generality Osteomalacia is a metabolic disease affecting the bones, to which it removes minerals making them more susceptible to pain, malformations and fractures. We are therefore talking about a demineralizing metabolic osteopathy, characterized by the presence of non-calcified osteoid tissue in excess of the norm


Generality Osteoncondrosis is a degenerative bone syndrome that fragments its extremities. Also known as osteochondritis , it occurs mainly at the level of the joints and afflicts above all young people, sportsmen and who, in general, is subject to continuous and repeated traumas. There has been much debate about the causes of osteochondritis and it has been concluded that at the base there is a process of necrosis (tissue death)


What is osteotomy for? Osteotomy is the name of a surgical operation that involves the excision of a bone , with the aim of shortening it, lengthening it or changing its shape. Sometimes, the osteotomy is performed to treat the hallux valgus or to correct a wrong bone welding (occurred in healing after a fracture); in other circumstances, it may be useful in the treatment of coxa vara (hip deformity), valgus knee and varus knee

Bone scintigraphy

What's this ? Bone scintigraphy is a diagnostic imaging technique used to evaluate the anatomy of the skeleton and especially any vascular and metabolic alterations of the bones. To this end, radioactive drugs containing technostium-99m-labeled diphosphonates are used, capable of depositing at the bone level reflecting their blood supply (district blood perfusion) and metabolic behavior (given by the degree of activity of osteoblasts, cells specialized in tissue synthesis)


Generality An arthritis is any inflammatory condition that involves one or more joints. The joints are anatomical structures that put two or more bones in mutual contact and are fundamental for the support and mobility functions of the human skeleton. There are numerous types (or forms) of arthritis

Psoriatic Arthritis

Generality Psoriatic arthritis is a disease characterized by chronic joint inflammation. As the name itself suggests, it is often associated with psoriasis; in particular, it affects about 30% of subjects suffering from this inflammatory skin disease. Psoriatic arthritis can affect any joint in the body and typically occurs with limited symptoms, such as pain, swelling and joint stiffness


Generality Costochondritis is a painful thoracic syndrome resulting from inflammation of the cartilages connected to the upper ribs of the thoracic cage. Known causes include chest trauma, excessive physical effort, viral, bacterial or fungal infections, some malignant neoplasms, fibromyalgia and some forms of arthritis

Fibrous Dysplasia

Generality Fibrous dysplasia is a benign tumor that affects the bones and induces, in the latter, the replacement of normal bone with fibrous (or scar tissue). Image from the site It is a congenital disease due to a genetic mutation taking place after conception, precisely during the early stages of fetal development