bowel health

Supplements for Constipation

Constipation: What is it? Constipation , also called constipation, is a condition of physical malaise that affects the act of evacuating the stools. The manifestation of constipation would be interpreted as a SYMPTOM and not as a disease; nevertheless, it is not uncommon to be used as a synonym for "irritable bowel syndrome"

Perianal abscess

Generality A perianal abscess is a collection of pus located near the anus or in the terminal portion of the rectum. This condition manifests itself as a painful swelling, covered by tense and intensely reddened skin. The perianal abscess is the result of an inflammatory process, which is caused, in most cases, by an aspecific infection, which originates from small glands located within the anal canal


Generality In the medical field, the term "coprolites" is used to indicate small masses of hardened and calcified fecal matter, similar to small stones, which form in the intestinal lumen. Curiosity: in paleontology, the coprolite - from the Greek kópros (dung) and líthos (stone) - is an excrement, produced by an animal that lived in the past, that has fossilized.

fecal impaction

Generality The coprostasis is the stagnation of the faeces at the rectal level, followed by their hardening and drying up. Due to constipation, coprostasis is responsible for a variety of symptoms, including: inability to defecate, abdominal discomfort, fecal incontinence, nausea, vomiting, headache, loss of appetite, loss of body weight, dehydration, fever, confusion, tachycardia, increase in respiratory rate, etc

Chronic Diarrhea

Chronic diarrhea and mood It is rather complicated to provide a universal definition of "chronic diarrhea", considering that each of us has a purely subjective conception of our intestinal activity. Some individuals tend to self-diagnose the disorder of "conical diarrhea" simply because the urge to go to the bathroom knocks on the door more than a few times a day

Chronic diarrhea: diagnosis, treatment, diet

Diagnosis Like any disease or disorder, the diagnosis of chronic diarrhea begins with the anamnesis, or with the collection of symptoms reported by the patient. Here, the physician will first have to understand what the patient means when he claims to be suffering from "chronic diarrhea", given that each of us has a subjective conception of his own intestinal activity

Chronic diarrhea: types, symptoms and complications

General definition We speak of "conical diarrhea" to indicate an alteration of intestinal motility characterized by a number of daily evacuations greater than or equal to 3, with the emission of liquid or semi-solid faeces (diarrhea), that persists for at least three or four consecutive weeks Types of chronic diarrhea Based on the cause that causes it, chronic diarrhea can be divided into three main categories: TYPE OF CHRONIC DIARRHEA SUBTYPE DISTINGUISHING FEATURES Chronic watery diarrhea Osmotic (eg induced by osmotic laxatives such as magnesium salts and sorbitol, or by celiac dis


Generality Duodenitis consists of an inflammatory condition that affects the initial part of the small intestine, called duodenum. This disorder can occur both in acute and chronic form, and can be triggered by various factors of various origins and nature. Sometimes, these factors can also compete with one another in the development of inflammation

Enterococcus faecalis

Important introduction Exponent of the new genus of enterococci, Enterococcus faecalis is a gram positive bacterium that usually populates the gastrointestinal tract of many men and other mammals. Until a few decades ago, Enterococcus faecalis was identified within the genus of non-haemolytic group D streptococci

Perianal Fistula

Generality A perianal fistula is a tubuliform lesion (a small canal) that connects the terminal portion of the intestine with the skin around the anus. This channel represents the pathological evolution of an abscess , which in turn originates from the infection of one of the mucus-secreting glands present in the anal canal; from this infection comes a collection of pus, which reaches the skin and tries to make its way outward

Anal Fistulas

Definition Anal fistulas are small pathological and infected tunnels that connect the anus with the surrounding skin. Specifically, to be defined as such, anal fistulas must develop in the precise anatomical site - called "combed line or anorectal line" - which separates the rectum from the anus, in which the exocrine anal glands are housed

Fecal incontinence

Uncontrolled fecal loss Faecal incontinence is an unpleasant defecation disorder that consists of the involuntary and uncontrolled loss of feces and intestinal gas. More than a disease in itself, fecal incontinence must be considered a very unpleasant symptom that unites innumerable and heterogeneous pathologies, ranging from diarrhea to constipation, from neurological disorders to birth injuries

Fecal incontinence: care, interventions and diet

The problem of fecal incontinence We speak of fecal incontinence when it is no longer possible to control or simply perceive the stimulus to defecation; therefore it follows an uncontrolled and involuntary emission of faeces and intestinal gases. Fortunately, fecal incontinence is not an incurable disorder as could be assumed

Fecal incontinence: symptoms, complications and diagnosis

Definition We speak of "fecal incontinence" to indicate a partial or total loss of control of the anal sphincter, with subsequent involuntary release of: Liquid stools Solid faeces Intestinal gases Fecal incontinence is probably the most humiliating and uncomfortable of all defecation disorders, given that it negatively affects interpersonal relationships and work activities

Stomach ache

What is a stomach ache? The expression "stomach ache" is normally used - in common language - to indicate a generic intestinal pain. Along with stomachache, spleen pain and liver pain, a stomach ache is included in the list of the most common abdominal pains. Often, the terms stomach pain and stomach ache are (mistakenly) mistaken for synonyms, since it is often difficult to pinpoint the point from which the pain originates with absolute precision

Pathological Belly Pain

A stomach ache is an alarm signal sent by the body, a request for help to warn that some metabolic mechanism has gone haywire. Pathological abdominal pain The pathological stomachache is distinguished by its common form due to the danger of the disorder, the intensity of pain and the "satellite" (accompanying) symptoms

Hemorrhoid ointment

Introduction Hemorrhoid ointments are pharmaceutical formulations suitable for application at the anal and / or rectal level, indicated - depending on the case and the active ingredients used - for the local treatment of internal or external hemorrhoids. More precisely... When we speak of "hemorrhoids" we refer (even if improperly) to a particular pathological condition - more correctly defined as " haemorrhoidal disease " - in which we observe an excessive dilation of the hemorrhoidal blood vessels


Introduction and in-depth analysis Colitis, better known as irritable bowel syndrome, is a fairly common disorder that affects about 15% of the population. The symptoms of colitis are classic: abdominal pain associated with cramps, feeling of swelling and weight accompanied by constipation and / or diarrhea

Diverticulitis - Diverticulosis - Diverticula

What are the diverticula Diverticulitis of the colon is a disease of well-being, particularly widespread in industrialized countries. At the origin of diverticular pathology, in addition to a certain genetic predisposition, there is almost always an unbalanced diet (see in-depth study), too rich in fat and sugar and too poor in water and fiber

Hemorrhoids: anatomy

A little anatomy Defecation, or elimination of faeces from the body, takes place thanks to a mechanism that is only partially involuntary. The opening of the anus is in fact controlled by a muscular apparatus, called anal sphincter, and by a submucosal vascular pad. The anal sphincter is made up of an involuntary upper part, which in the presence of faeces relaxes causing the simultaneous contraction of the outer ring


What are hemorrhoids? Hemorrhoids are soft and very vascularized pads located in the terminal part of the rectum. With their presence they contribute to maintaining continence, swelling and deflating depending on the situation. Usually they are not felt at all by the subject but in particular conditions they can swell giving rise to the classic symptoms of the haemorrhoidal disease

Frequency Defecation - When it is normal and when not

Many people wonder about the normal frequency of defecation, worried that the number of evacuations produced is insufficient or excessive. Although it is legitimate to question the "famous" concept of intestinal regularity, or how many times it is normal to "go to the bathroom", the answer is too often influenced by prejudices and false convictions

Colostomy: some dietary advice

In general, those undergoing colostomy should follow certain dietary rules, effective in ensuring good digestion of food and avoiding unpleasant complications (such as constipation or excessive bleeding from the abdominal stoma). First of all, it is advisable to fractionate the meals so as to make them lighter and more easily digestible

Amount of Feces Produced per day

More feces, more health The most curious will be to ask how many faeces an adult normally expels in one day. Grams, pounds or even kilograms? Some answers come from a slightly dated (1992) study which collected data on the amount of faeces emitted daily by 20 different populations from 12 countries. In the studied Anglo-Saxon sample (220 people) the average amount of faeces emitted in one day was 106 grams

Floating feces

Flushing it again and again without getting the desired result can be particularly embarrassing, especially when going to the bathroom outside the home. When stools continue to stubbornly remain afloat, the problem lies in their high air content. Not surprisingly, floating faeces are often associated with flatulence and meteorism problems

Le Pétomane - The virtuoso of flatulence

Le Pétomane ( Il Petomane ) was the stage name of Joseph Pujol, a French artist who became famous in the late nineteenth century for a singular ability: thanks to a formidable control of the abdominal muscles and the anal sphincter, Pujol was able to emit farts at will and even suck up liquids or air through the anus.

A vaccine against flatulence and belching

To solve the problem of pollution generated by methane emissions from cattle, scholars have developed a special vaccine. This drug, aimed primarily at cows and sheep, acts against the methanogenic microorganisms present in the stomach (in particular the rumen) of the animal. Archaea are the main microorganisms responsible for the production of methane in livestock

Colostomy: recommended post-operative diet and allowed foods

Colostomy is a rather delicate surgical procedure, during which the surgeon diverts the large intestine and connects it to an opening created specifically in the abdominal wall. This opening, more correctly called a stoma , must be connected to a bag for stool collection and replaces the natural anus

Blumberg sign

Blumberg's sign is evoked by the slow compression of the abdomen, followed by a sudden release of the hand from the abdominal wall. In subjects with peritonitis, compression of the abdominal wall causes pain, but this is more pronounced when the hand is suddenly released, interrupting the compression

Use of enemas in history

The search for a forced evacuation by means of enemas finds ample space in the history of man, since the most ancient times. For several centuries, purges, enemas and bloodletting have been considered the ideal means to purify the body of evil influences penetrated from the outside. The use of the enema was already widespread in the times of the ancient Egyptians, for whom it represented one of the most common therapeutic practices

Senna - Natural Laxative

What is senna Senna is a laxative drug of vegetable origin, composed of the leaves and / or dried fruits (pods) of one of the following species, or a mixture of both: Cassia acutifolia Del. (= Cassia Senna L.) Cassia angustifolia Vahl (= senna of Tinnevelly or senna Indian) Brief Botany Description Small erect shrubs (1-2 m) originating in East Africa and India

Meteorism: swollen belly of R.Borgacci

What's this What is meteorism? Functional meteorism or meteorism is one of the most common gastrointestinal symptoms. Along with other symptoms such as flatulence and excessive eructations, and disorders of the alvo (diarrhea and especially constipation), it affects more than 10% of Italians. Meteorism consists of the sensation of a swollen belly (abdominal swelling), due to the excess of gas in the gastric and / or intestinal area, often accompanied by objectively detectable spasms and abdominal distension

Castor Oil: Uses and Properties

Generality Description and characteristics of castor oil Castor oil is a vegetable oil obtained by squeezing the seeds of the castor plant (botanical name Ricinus communis ). The common Anglo-Saxon name (castor oil) probably comes from its use as a substitute for castoreum (castoreo), an aromatic base produced by the beaver perinee glands

Remedies for Anal Burning

Anal burning is a symptom that may indicate a simple irritation or an inflammatory pathology of the mucosa that covers the anal sphincter. Sometimes accompanied by itching, pain and blood loss, anal burning can be of variable intensity and create more or less significant discomfort. Sometimes it becomes almost disabling

Remedies for Diarrhea

Diarrhea means the expulsion of liquid and basically watery feces (sometimes with mucus and / or blood and / or pus). May be accompanied by: cramps and pain, swelling and flatulence, nausea and vomiting. If the discharges are more numerous than 3 per day it is called dysentery. This can be acute or chronic

Remedies for diverticulitis

Diverticulitis is a colon disease. It represents the complication of an anatomical defect called diverticulosis, characterized by the formation of several intestinal diverticula. Diverticula are pockets that form inside the colon. These invaginations (which can also affect other districts of the digestive tract) consist of the recess of the mucosa, of the serosa and sometimes of the muscular habit

Hemorrhoid Remedies

In common parlance, the term hemorrhoid defines an inflammatory process of the hemorrhoidal plexus that surrounds the anal orifice. In other words, hemorrhoids are soft and richly vascularised pads in which inflamed rectal veins, extending outwards, cause discomfort, pain and bleeding. Although hemorrhoids can occur in both sexes, pregnant women are by far the most exposed category to risk

Flatulence remedies

Flatulence is a phenomenon as unpleasant as it is embarrassing, which manifests itself in an abnormal accumulation of gas at the gastro-intestinal level. Released under pressure through the anal sphincter, the mixture of intestinal gas produces a characteristic noise due to the passage of air through the anal fissure, while the gaseous mixture that characterizes it is responsible for the bad smell perceived by the subject and by those who unfortunately are close to him

Meteorism Remedies of R.Borgacci

Generality What is there to know about the swollen belly? The swollen belly is a typical symptom of many diseases or disorders of the digestive system. This is an unpleasant sensation of excessive abdominal tension, expression of a gas accumulation in the stomach and intestines. The swollen belly - often referred to as meteorism - is generally accompanied by alterations in the frequency of evacuation (constipation or diarrhea), abdominal cramps, flatulence and belching

Remedies for Swollen Belly

Generality What is there to know about the swollen belly? The swollen belly is a typical symptom of many diseases or disorders of the digestive system. This is an unpleasant sensation of excessive abdominal tension, expression of a gas accumulation in the stomach and intestines. The swollen belly - often referred to as meteorism - is generally accompanied by alterations in the frequency of evacuation (constipation or diarrhea), abdominal cramps, flatulence and belching