cardiovascular diseases

Intravenous laser for circulation

Premise All the information reported in the article is provided by the production company of the intravenous laser ; not having found further investigations or experiments of an impartial type that demonstrate or test what has been described, the following article must be understood as a simple review of the knowledge acquired by consulting the information material of the specific company

Deep vein thrombosis

THROMBOSIS RISK FACTORS Age over 40 years Pregnancy, puerperium Malignant tumor, previous or current Blood disorders that tend to favor coagulation processes Hereditary or acquired diseases of the coagulation system Heart failure Diabetes mellitus Previous myocardial infarction Previous episode of venous thrombosis Family history of deep vein thrombosis Major surgery or recent injuries, especially of the lower limbs or abdomen Estrogen hormone therapy, including oral contraception Lower limb injury Subjects subjected to major surgery recently Prolonged immobilization (long periods of lodging, l

Deep vein thrombosis

Generality Deep vein thrombosis is a serious pathology and much more frequent than one can imagine (estimated incidence around 1.6 - 1.8 per thousand). Also known as "economy class syndrome" or "traveler's thrombosis", it is typical of aging but does not spare young women and children; the risks are greater even for those who remain motionless or simply sit for a long time, perhaps behind a desk, in the theater, on the train, in the car or on the plane

Apoplexy

Generality Apoplexy is a pathological condition characterized by a sudden haemorrhage , which occurs at a specific tissue or organ causing serious alterations and causing their destruction. In truth, the term apoplexy is generally used as a synonym for cerebral apoplexy , better known as stroke, or stroke

Virchow Triad of I.Randi

Generality Virchow's triad describes what are considered the main factors responsible for thrombus formation. These are alterations affecting the endothelium of blood vessels, blood flow and blood coagulation and which can favor the appearance of thrombus, therefore, of thrombosis. The Virchow triad owes its name to the German physician Rudolph Virchow who, in 1856, clarified in one of his publications the etiology of pulmonary embolism

Angina Pectoris

What is the Angina Pectoris The term Angina Pectoris derives from the Latin terms Angina = pain and Pectoris = chest. It is, in effect, a syndrome characterized by pain in the retrosternal region , sometimes irradiated on the ulnar side of the left arm and at the shoulders. Causes The sense of constriction in the chest is caused by the temporary decrease in blood flow to the cells of the heart (transient myocardial ischemia), which is insufficient to meet the needs of the myocardium

Ischemic heart disease in short

By Dr. Stefano Casali Definition Spectrum of diseases with different etiology, in which the unifying pathophysiological factor is represented by an imbalance between the metabolic demand and the supply of oxygen to the myocardium. This imbalance causes an alteration in the electrical activity and the contractile capacity of the affected areas

Heart disease and metabolic disorders: hypothesis of treatment in the gym

Edited by Massimo Armeni Increasingly, in newspapers and on television, we read and talk about growing overweight among adults and children, and relative obesity. To complete this picture, the consequent increase in risk factors for athero-coronary diseases is increasing exponentially. However, we do not talk about how to correctly diagnose and above all what to do if the results are positive for a probable unfavorable cardiovascular event (CVD)

Heart attack

Generality In common parlance, the term infarct refers to necrosis - hence to death - of heart muscle tissue; for this reason it is more correct to speak of myocardial infarction . The reasons why a more or less extensive region of the heart undergoes necrosis are different and all referable to the insufficient supply of oxygen to the cells that compose it

Ischemic heart disease

coronary Importance and functions The heart, like the other organs of the human body, needs the right doses of oxygen and nutrients to function properly and live. The supply of these substances is ensured by the presence of a dense network of vessels, which together form the coronary system. The coronary circulation, as well as that of the whole organism, is composed of veins and arteries that surround the surface of the heart like a crown (hence the term coronary)

Infarct: How to Recognize Symptoms and What to Do

Watch the video X Watch the video on youtube By Dr. Alessio Dini Consequences of an Infarct Myocardial infarction is caused by a sudden narrowing or complete occlusion of coronary vessels that carry oxygenated and nutrient-rich blood to the heart cells. Sudden interruption of blood flow leads to cellular distress within minutes and the death of vascularized tissue from these arteries

Cardiovascular diseases

Definition Cardiovascular diseases are a group of diseases affecting the heart and / or blood vessels. Despite this definition, any morbid process affecting the cardiovascular system (cardiopathies + vasculopathies) falls into the category, in the common language generally refers to the various pathologies related to atherosclerosis

Left Ventricular Hypertrophy and Sport

Causes The term left ventricular hypertrophy (IVS) describes the increase in muscle mass in the left ventricle. In many cases, the IVS arises as a long-term compensatory mechanism in response to an overload : of pressure (as happens in hypertensives and in those who practice power sports, such as weight lifting) or volume (as happens with endurance athletes, such as cyclists, marathon runners, swimmers and cross-country skiers)

Cardiovascular risk

See also: Cholesterol and cardiovascular risk The cardiovascular risk quantifies the probability of suffering a disease affecting the heart or blood vessels based on the presence or absence of certain predisposing factors. Risk factors Cardiovascular Risk Factors can traditionally be divided into non-modifiable factors (sex, age, familiarity) factors that can be corrected with correct lifestyles and / or pharmacological treatments

Cardiovascular risk

NOTE: 1) The person who presents, in at least 2 successive measurements over a week, fasting glucose equal to or greater than 126 mg / dl or is subjected to treatment with oral hypoglycemic agents or insulin or presents a personal medical history of diabetes 2) A smoker is defined as someone who smokes regularly every day (even a single cigarette) or has stopped for less than 12 months

Cardiovascular risk

NOTE: 1) The person who presents, in at least 2 successive measurements over a week, fasting glucose equal to or greater than 126 mg / dl or is subjected to treatment with oral hypoglycemic agents or insulin or presents a personal medical history of diabetes 2) A smoker is defined as someone who smokes regularly every day (even a single cigarette) or has stopped for less than 12 months

Thrombophlebitis Drugs

Definition Thrombophlebitis is the term used to indicate the inflammation of a vein wall caused by the formation of a blood clot, or the formation of a thrombus. Thrombophlebitis can affect superficial veins (therefore we speak of superficial thrombophlebitis, nowadays called simply "thrombophlebitis"), or it can involve the deep veins (in this case we speak of deep vein thrombosis)

What preparation requires carotid angioplasty with stenting

Carotid angioplasty with stenting is a non-surgical medical procedure, through which vascular surgeons "release" the occluded or severely restricted carotid arteries. This dangerous pathological condition - which in medical language is defined as obstructive disease of the carotid arteries - is a possible consequence of atherosclerosis and may be the basis of episodes of ischemic stroke or TIA ( transient ischemic attack )

Carotid angioplasty with stenting: the procedure

Carotid angioplasty with stenting it is a non-surgical medical procedure, by which vascular surgeons "release" the occluded or severely restricted carotid arteries. This dangerous pathological condition - which in medical language is defined as obstructive disease of the carotid arteries - is a possible consequence of atherosclerosis and may be the basis of episodes of ischemic stroke or TIA ( transient ischemic attack )

Risks of carotid angioplasty with stenting

Carotid angioplasty with stenting is a non-surgical medical procedure, whereby vascular surgeons "release" the occluded or severely restricted carotid arteries. This dangerous pathological condition - which in medical language is defined as obstructive disease of the carotid arteries - is a possible consequence of atherosclerosis and may be the basis of episodes of ischemic stroke or TIA ( transient ischemic attack )

Types of Infarct

In common parlance, when we talk about heart attacks we refer to the known pathology that affects the heart. However, few know that cardiac disease is just one of many possible types of heart attack. The generic term infarct indicates the death, partial or total, of an organ, as a result of an insufficient blood supply

Carotid angioplasty with stenting: generalities

Carotid angioplasty with stenting is a non-surgical medical procedure, whereby vascular surgeons restore normal blood flow within the carotid arteries affected by atherosclerosis . Carotid arteries - or more simply carotids - are two large blood vessels passing at the sides of the neck, one on the right or one on the left; together with the vertebral arteries, they carry oxygen-rich blood from the heart to the brain and to all the anatomical structures of the head

When to practice carotid angioplasty with stenting?

Carotid angioplasty with stenting is a non-surgical medical procedure, by which vascular surgeons "release" the occluded or severely restricted carotid arteries. This dangerous pathological condition - which in medical language is defined as obstructive disease of the carotid arteries - is a possible consequence of atherosclerosis and may be the basis of episodes of ischemic stroke or TIA ( transient ischemic attack )

Carotid angioplasty with stenting: post-operative phase

Carotid angioplasty with stenting is a non-surgical medical procedure, through which vascular surgeons "release" the occluded or severely restricted carotid arteries. This dangerous pathological condition - which in medical language is defined as an obstructive disease of the carotid arteries - is a possible consequence of atherosclerosis and may be at the origin of episodes of ischemic stroke or TIA ( transient ischemic attack )

Cardiomyopathy and muscular dystrophy

Muscular dystrophies are genetic diseases, very often also hereditary, that cause a gradual weakening of the body muscles and a progressive disability. At their origin there are one or more mutations of genes having a fundamental role in the correct development and proper functioning of the muscular apparatus

Carotid endarterectomy: post-operative phase

Carotid endarterectomy is the surgical procedure aimed at releasing occluded or partially restricted carotid arteries. This dangerous pathological condition - also known as obstructive disease of the carotid arteries or stenosis of the carotid arteries - is established due to atherosclerosis and can be the cause of episodes of stroke or TIA ( transient ischemic attack )

Carotid endarterectomy: step by step procedure

Carotid endarterectomy is the surgical procedure aimed at releasing occluded or partially restricted carotid arteries. This dangerous pathological condition - also known as obstructive disease of the carotid arteries or stenosis of the carotid arteries - is established due to atherosclerosis and can be the cause of episodes of stroke or TIA ( transient ischemic attack )

What preparation does carotid endarterectomy require?

Carotid endarterectomy is the surgical procedure aimed at releasing occluded or partially restricted carotid arteries. This dangerous pathological condition - also known as obstructive disease of the carotid arteries or stenosis of the carotid arteries - is established due to atherosclerosis and can be the cause of episodes of stroke or TIA ( transient ischemic attack )

When to perform a carotid endarterectomy?

Carotid endarterectomy is the surgical procedure aimed at releasing occluded or partially restricted carotid arteries. This dangerous pathological condition - also known as obstructive disease of the carotid arteries - is established due to atherosclerosis and can be the cause of episodes of stroke or TIA ( transient ischemic attack )

Risks of carotid endarterectomy

Carotid endarterectomy is the surgical procedure aimed at releasing occluded or partially restricted carotid arteries. This dangerous pathological condition - also known as obstructive disease of the carotid arteries or stenosis of the carotid arteries - is established due to atherosclerosis and can be the cause of strokes or TIA ( transient ischemic attack )

Cardiovascular diseases: how to stay active even at work

Cardiovascular diseases , or diseases that target the heart and blood vessels (arteries and veins), are the leading cause of death in the world's most industrialized countries . To play a decisive role on their onset, it is certainly the scarce (if not entirely absent) physical exercise , where for physical exercise is also meant a simple walk of several tens of minutes

Infarct symptoms in women

While the symptoms of male infarction are well impressed in the common imagination, few know that infarct signals are often thinner in women. In films, for example, the infarcted fall to the floor panting in the throes of a strong chest pain. In fact, the feeling of tightness and chest tightness (as if a boulder weighed on the chest or as if this were squeezed in a vise) represents the most common symptom of infarction, in both sexes, but in reality the symptoms of infarction they can also be quite nuanced

From 1998 to 2007: Homocysteine ​​and Cardiovascular Diseases

From: " Homocysteine ​​and cardiovascular disease " It is known that a high rate of total homocysteine ​​(tHcy) in the blood, indeed called hyperhomocysteinemia, may constitute a risk factor for cardio-vascular diseases (atherosclerosis of the coronary, cerebral and peripheral vessels, as well as arterial-type thromboembolism -venous). These

Cardiovascular diseases and exercise: how to encourage movement

Cardiovascular diseases , or diseases that target the heart and blood vessels , are the leading cause of death in the world's most industrialized countries . One of their main modifiable risk factors is a sedentary lifestyle due to the lack of stimuli. In fact, according to a US survey, performed by www

Cardiovascular diseases and regular exercise

One of the main modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular diseases is poor (if not completely absent) physical exercise . The reasons that drive people to a sedentary lifestyle are different. According to a US site, www.heart-org, 17% of users would not have time to do regular physical activity , those famous 30 minutes a day that you often hear about

Some numbers on cardiovascular diseases

Cardiovascular diseases are a group of diseases affecting the heart and / or blood vessels. In fact, the term "cardio" refers to the heart and the term "vascular" to the arterial and venous vessels present in the body. Generally related to atherosclerosis - that is to the phenomena of narrowing, obstruction or dilation (aneurysm) of blood vessels - cardiovascular diseases represent the main cause of death in the most industrialized countries of the world

Cardiovascular diseases: the "revenge" of saturated fats

In recent decades, excessive consumption of cholesterol and even more saturated fat has been identified as one of the main cardiovascular risk factors, so much so that today there is a widespread consensus in the scientific community on the need to limit their dietary intake, within a maximum about 200mg daily for cholesterol and 10% of total calories for saturated fats

Varicose Veins Remedies

Watch the video X Watch the video on youtube Varicose veins (or simply varices ) are pathological dilations of the veins. It is a disorder that prefers lower limbs, although it may also occur in other areas. Always elongated and evident, the varicose veins assume a characteristic tortuous course, constituting a real aesthetic discomfort for many women

Intermittent claudication

What's this ? Claudicatio intermittens is the term that doctors attribute to a pain, usually described as muscle cramp, which typically affects the calf, getting worse with exercise and relieving with rest. The patient thus assumes an intermittent gait, with forced pauses to calm the pain. Causes Most often, intermittent claudiacation is the typical manifestation of peripheral occlusive arterial disease

endothelin

Biological Role As the term suggests, endothelins are a family of peptides secreted by endothelial cells. Their action is vasoconstrictor and markedly hypertensive. Physiology of Endothelium Overall, endothelial cells form the innermost lining of blood vessels, thus representing the contact element between blood and arterial wall