dictionary

Jokes about Doctors and Health

Because sometimes a laugh is the best cure ... "Doctor, can I bathe with diarrhea?" "If you have enough, you can even dive!" "Doctor, I have a terrible diarrhea." "Did you try with a lemon?" "Sure, but as soon as I take it off again!" Doctor, can I eat rice with diarrhea

bumps

What is a Bernoccolo? The bumps are accumulations of more or less showy liquids (protuberances), which form at the level of the skull after beating the head. They are therefore localized edemas of variable volume, caused by the increase in interstitial fluids present in the tissues; this increase is linked to the substances released following the trauma, which trigger an acute inflammatory process with an increase in capillary permeability

Cachexia

Definition Cachexia is a state of profound general decay, characterized by prostration, slowing of psychic abilities, loss of appetite and reduction of fat and especially muscular masses (negative nitrogen balance). Causes Read also: Cachxia - Causes and Symptoms » Cachexia can be the expression of several conditions: hunger cachexia : typical of states of profound malnutrition, often accompanied by edema, hypocholesterolemia, hypothermia and arterial hypotension (see Kwashiorkor and Marasma).

Catheter

Definition and types of catheters The catheter is a cylindrical, hollow and generally flexible instrument, designed for insertion into a body cavity, in a duct of the organism or in one of its vessels. The purposes of this operation can be: diagnostics (taking blood samples and monitoring organ functions): therapeutic (to favor the spontaneous or aspirated drainage of the content, to introduce fluids, nutrients and medicines): surgical procedures (microsurgery or anesthetic administration, such as in the epidural catheter)

cysts

What is a cyst? The cyst is a closed bag or cavity of a pathological nature, covered with epithelium and filled with liquids, gas or semi-solid material. When the accumulation is not covered by a very distinct membrane one speaks instead of pseudocysts . Cysts can develop at any age and in the most disparate locations, generally quickly before stopping their growth permanently; more rarely, these abnormal formations shrink or continue to increase in size

Colic

Definition Colic is an access to abdominal pain, usually characteristic for site and irradiation, caused by violent contractions of a hollow viscus with smooth muscles. On the basis of the anatomical structure involved, intestinal, renal, hepato-biliary, appendicular, pancreatic, ovarian, gastric etc

comorbidities of stroke

Generality "Comorbidity" is a term used in the medical field to indicate the simultaneous presence of several different pathologies , in the same individual. More precisely, comorbidity can refer to: Two or more diseases that coexist simultaneously in a patient, but are independent of each other; Diseases or disorders that appear secondarily to the onset of an underlying disease

Defedato - Defedation

The adjective deeded is reserved for individuals in a serious state of organic decay, resulting from disease more or less serious, to drug addiction and / or malnutrition / malabsorption. The worsening of this general debilitation leads to cachexia or cachectic state. The weak subjects, and even more the cachectic ones, appear lean (loss of muscle mass), pale and languid, and are predisposed to various opportunistic diseases, from which a healthy and healthy organism is perfectly able to defend itself

Edema

See also: exudate - bumps What is Edema? Edema is an accumulation of fluids in the interstitial spaces of the body. The most obvious symptom of this condition is the swelling which, as everyone knows, characterizes various pathologies. A simple but objective diagnostic criterion is based on the local compression of the swelling with a finger

Efficiency and Efficacy: Meaning and Differences

The terms efficacy and efficiency, often used interchangeably as synonyms, actually reflect two very distinct concepts. Let's be clear about it. Effectiveness indicates the ability to achieve the stated goal, while efficiency assesses the ability to do so using the minimum necessary resources. Effectiveness and efficiency are very important concepts in the world of work and in general in the planning and control of any activity

Bleeding: Classification and First Aid

Definition and Types of Hemorrhage Hemorrhage means the leakage of blood from the vessels. Depending on the component involved, one can speak of arterial, venous, mixed and capillary hemorrhage. Arterial hemorrhage : the blood, bright red, comes out in the form of a jet more or less intense and synchronous with the heart beats; often the surrounding skin remains clean

exudate

What is the Essudato? The exudate is a liquid of variable consistency that is formed during acute inflammatory processes of various kinds, accumulating in tissue interstices or in serous cavities (pleura, peritoneum, pericardium). The exudate derives from the blood plasma which, following the inflammatory-dependent increase in capillary permeability, tends to escape and accumulate in the tissues

Aetiology

Etiology, or aetiology, consists of the study and research of the causes of a given phenomenon. In the medical field, in particular, the aetiology investigates the factors that can intervene in the origin of diseases, studying their importance and the possible relationships of interdependence. In many cases, in fact, diseases do not have a single cause, but a "multiple" or "multifactor" aetiology; in practice, this means that multiple causal agents (or etiological agents ) concur with the origin and evolution of the same

Etiopathogenesis (etiopathogenesis)

The etiopathogenesis is defined as the analysis of the causes and development of a pathology or an abnormal condition. The term derives from the union of "etiology" and "pathogenesis", which in the medical field indicate, respectively, the causal factors (etiology) and the mechanism of onset, and consequent development, of a pathological process (pathogenesis)

Morbidity

The term morbidity is generally used with the intention of expressing the frequency with which a given disease manifests itself in the population. In this sense, to say that a pathology is one of the most common causes of morbidity means to underline its wide diffusion in the population. By contrast, rare diseases are characterized by very low morbidity

nosology

The nosology or classification of diseases has as its object their logical and methodical distribution in a certain number of groups. This classification is performed according to similar or common characteristics, for example on the basis of the aetiology (causes of origin), of the pathogenesis (development of the disease and its consequences) or of the symptoms

Palliative, palliative care

The origin of the palliative term is traced back to the Latin words pallium , a Greek mantle also brought to Rome, and Palliare , which means covering with the pallium. The roots of this word make it easier to understand its current meaning; a palliative is in fact a remedy that reduces the symptoms of the disease, without intervening directly on the cause

Pathogenesis

The pathogenesis investigates the development of a disease and the chain of events associated with it, which step by step determine morpho-functional changes of the cells and tissues belonging to the affected organs. These alterations can be caused by chemical, physical, or biological agents (viruses, bacteria, etc

Paucisintomatico

The adjective paucisintomatico is used to indicate the scarcity of symptoms with which a certain disease or anomalous condition is manifested. It is no coincidence that pauci , in Latin, means few; we can therefore use the terms paucisaccharides / oligosaccharides and oligosymptomatic / paucisymptomatic as synonyms synonymously

Caucasian, Caucasian race

In common parlance, the term "Caucasian race" identifies white-skinned subjects. Johann Friedrich Blumenbach (1752-1840) was the first to claim that the origins of the white race were to be sought in the Caucasus region; the scholar came to this consideration on the basis of the legendary beauty of the inhabitants of these lands and on the harmoniousness of their skeleton (in particular of the skull)

Semeiotics

Semeiotics is that branch of medicine that studies the patient through the relief and interpretation of symptoms and signs. Not by chance the semeiotic term derives from semeion , a Greek word meaning sign. Let us briefly recall that the difference between signs and symptoms lies in the subjectivity of the former compared to the latter: thanks to their senses the patient feels a certain symptom (eg liver pain), which can be confirmed or not by the doctor in an objective manner (through investigations physical and laboratory)

The Syncope and Sudden Death from Sport

By Dr. Stefano Casali Syncope The etymology of the word comes from the Greek "syn koptein" which means to break, interrupt, cut. From the clinical point of view it is the expression of an alteration of brain functions, generally due to a decrease in cerebral blood flow or to an electrical or metabolic dysfunction that can be the expression of different pathologies, from a benign and insignificant episode, to unexpected death

Syndrome

Syndrome is a term widely used in medicine; its use indicates that complex of symptoms, objective and subjective, which characterizes a specific clinical picture. This constellation of signs and symptoms is not necessarily linked to a single disease, but may be similar to various morbid forms with different etiopathogenesis

exuding

Transudation consists in the passage of a liquid, the so-called transudato , through a membrane; typical is the example of the liquid component of blood through the capillary wall. By definition, the transudate is particularly poor in proteins and cellular elements; it differs in this sense from the exudate, in which an important solid component is recognized formed by plasma proteins, blood cells and substances deriving from the destruction or from the metabolic activity of the damaged tissue