drugs

Serotonin syndrome

Definition and serotonin The serotonin syndrome is due to an exaggerated increase in the serotonin signal centrally, resulting from the hyper-stimulation of its receptors. This event can be caused by the abuse of one or more drugs and / or drugs that: they increase the synthesis of the hormone serotonin or its precursors they reduce degradation or reuptake they directly stimulate the receptors, called serotonergics

Boric acid

Generality Boric acid - also known as orthoboric acid - is a weak acid with interesting antibacterial, antifungal and insecticidal properties. Thanks to its antiseptic properties, this compound is used - at the appropriate concentrations - in the pharmaceutical field, but not only. In fact, boric acid is also used as a preservative, as well as being used in the paper, paint and enamel industry, adhesives and even explosives

Clavulanic acid

Generality Clavulanic acid is a compound having a beta-lactam (or β-lactam) type chemical structure. In particular, clavulanic acid is a β-lactamase inhibitor that is widely used in medicinal preparations in association with antibiotic drugs, such as penicillins. Clavulanic acid is a compound of natural origin, isolated for the first time from strains of Streptomyces clavuligerus .

Boric water

What is Borica Water Boric water is a very diluted solution of boric acid, otherwise known as orthoboric acid. The latter is a weak inorganic acid whose brute formula is H 3 BO 3 . Boric water is used in the pharmaceutical field - and even in the veterinary field - due to its antibacterial and antifungal properties

ademetionine

Generality Academetionine - also known as S-adenosyl-methionine - is an amino acid naturally present in the body. In detail, the academetionine is a coenzyme capable of transferring methyl groups. Trans-methylation reactions carried out with the aid of academic acetonine are indispensable in the synthesis of the phospholipid double layer of cell membranes, but this is not the only action performed by the aforementioned amino acid

Allopurinol: What is it? What is it for? How does it work? Mode of Use, Side Effects and Contraindications of I.Randi

Generality Allopurinol is an active ingredient used to counteract the formation of uric acid . Allopurinol - Chemical Structure More specifically, allopurinol belongs to the group of anti- gout drugs since it is used in the treatment of gout, but also in the treatment of all those disorders caused by the presence of excessive levels of uric acid in the body

Ambroxol of I.Randi

Generality Ambroxol is an active ingredient with a mucolytic action used to fluidify and favor the elimination of thick and viscous mucus that forms in the airways in the presence of disorders and diseases. Ambroxol belongs to the pharmacotherapeutic group of expectorants and mucolytics and is available in various pharmaceutical formulations suitable for oral , inhalation and rectal administration

Apomorphine: What is it? What is it for? Side Effects and Contraindications of I.Randi

Generality Apomorphine is an active ingredient capable of exerting a powerful dopaminergic action . Apomorphine - Chemical Structure Thanks to this particular action, apomorphine is used in the field of drug therapy against Parkinson's disease, to counteract movement disorders , when traditional therapies (with levodopa) are not effective or sufficient

Atorvastatin: What it is, What to Use, Side Effects and Contraindications of I.Randi

Generality Atorvastatin is an active ingredient used to reduce excessively high levels of lipids in the blood (cholesterol and triglycerides). Atorvastatin - Chemical Structure Belonging to the statin group, atorvastatin can be used either alone, as a single agent , or in combination with other active ingredients

Bacitracin: What is it? How does it work? Indications, Posology, Side Effects and Contraindications of I.Randi

Generality Bacitracin is an active ingredient belonging to the group of polypeptide antibiotics . Bacitracin - Chemical Structure More in detail, bacitracin is used in association with other active ingredients in the treatment of intestinal infections (oral administration) and in the treatment of skin infections (topical administration)

Betahistine

What is Betahistine Betahistine is an active ingredient widely used in the treatment of vertigo. In detail, this molecule is prescribed for the treatment of balance disorders typically induced by Ménière's syndrome. Not surprisingly, in Europe, the use of betahistine was approved in 1970 precisely for the treatment of the symptomatology of the aforementioned syndrome.

Bisphosphonates

Generality Bisphosphonates - also known as bis-phosphonates or diphosphonates - constitute a class of drugs widely used to counteract the loss of bone mineral density. These medicines owe their name to the presence of two phosphonate groups, in the chemical structure that characterizes the entire class of drugs

Carbamazepine: What is it? How does it work? Indications, Posology, Side Effects and Contraindications of I.Randi

Generality Carbamazepine is an active ingredient with anticonvulsant activity . Carbamazepine - Chemical Structure Approved for the first time by the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) of the United States in 1968, carbamazepine is still used today in the treatment of epileptic seizures , but also in the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia (pain relief) and psychiatric disorders such as manias (antimanic activity)

Anti-inflammatory patches

What are Anti-inflammatory plasters are medicated plasters that are applied to intact skin, in order to treat and resolve inflammatory disorders. The medicated plasters therefore represent a particular type of pharmaceutical form, specifically designed to release well-established amounts of drug for a relatively long period of time

Cilostazol: What is it? How does it work? Indications, Posology, Side Effects and Contraindications of I.Randi

Generality Cilostazol is an active ingredient capable of inhibiting platelet aggregation and inducing vasodilation . Cilostazol - Chemical Structure From the chemical point of view, cilostazol is a quinolone derivative and has specific therapeutic indications to facilitate gait without pain in patients with intermittent claudication

Cicloplegia - Cycloplegic drugs of I.Randi

Generality The term cycloplegia is used to indicate the block of contraction of the ciliary muscle of the eye, usually induced by cycloplegic drugs . Because of this blockage, the accommodative function of the eye is missing, allowing vision at different distances. As mentioned, cycloplegia is generally induced by drugs that are administered in the eye (eye drops), usually as part of specialist visits for diagnostic purposes

Cyclosporine: What is it? How does it work? Indications, Posology, Side Effects and Contraindications of I.Randi

Generality Ciclosporin is an active ingredient with an immunosuppressive and anti-inflammatory action. Ciclosporina - Chemical Structure For this reason, its use is indicated in all those situations where it is necessary to reduce the patient's immune response and the inflammation generated by it

Clopidogrel: What is it? What is it for? Mode of Use, Side Effects and Contraindications of I.Randi

Generality Clopidogrel is an active antiplatelet agent used to prevent thrombus formation. Clopidogrel - Chemical Structure From the chemical point of view, clopidogrel belongs to the thienopyridine family. It is an active ingredient which, to perform its therapeutic action, must be administered orally

Anesthetizing cream

What is that The anesthetic cream is a type of medicine formulated with active ingredients able to exert a local anesthetic action , in order to avoid the perception of pain, burning or itching. These symptoms can derive from some medical procedures, diagnostic tests or aesthetic treatments, or they can occur due to causes of various origins and nature

Digoxin: What is it? How does it work? Indications, Posology, Side Effects and Contraindications of I.Randi

Generality Digoxin is an active ingredient used to increase the strength of cardiac contraction . Digoxin - Chemical Structure In detail, digoxin is a molecule of natural origin belonging to the class of digitalis glycosides , particular compounds so called because they are identified and isolated from plants belonging to the genus Digitalis ( Digitalis lanata and Digitalis purpurea )

Dipyridamole: What is it? What is it for? Mode of Use, Side Effects and Contraindications of I.Randi

Generality Dipyridamole is an active ingredient with platelet anti-aggregation activity and is, therefore, used to prevent the formation of blood clots (thrombi). Dipyridamole - Chemical Structure Given the action that it is able to exercise, dipyridamole belongs to the category of antithrombotics . It can be administered either alone, or in combination with acetylsalicylic acid (another active ingredient with an anti-platelet aggregation action) or oral anticoagulants

Ephedrine as I.Randi drug

Generality The use of ephedrine as a drug occurs in cases of nasal congestion, bronchospasm and hypotension induced by anesthesia. The ability to treat the aforementioned conditions varies depending on the way in which ephedrine is administered. More in detail, when administered nasally, ephedrine is able to exert a decongestant action; while when it is administered parenterally, it is able to counter bronchospasm and hypotension

Eosina: What is it? What is it for? Medical Uses: Indications, Posology and Action Mechanism of I.Randi

Generality Eosin is a chemical compound used in various fields as a dye and as a skin disinfectant . Eosina Y and Eosina B in a Deprotonated form In detail, eosin is a derivative of fluorescein , a molecule with green fluorescence used to produce other dyes - such as, precisely, eosin - as a pH indicator and even for performing fluorescence diagnostic tests

Antiplatelet drugs - Antiplatelet agents of I.Randi

Introduction Antiplatelet drugs are drugs that can hinder platelet aggregation , reducing the risk of thrombus formation. Also known as antiplatelet agents , these drugs are used in patients suffering from cardiovascular diseases or who are in particular risk conditions for thrombus formation. The formation of the latter causes obstruction of the blood vessels (both venous and arterial) leading to more or less serious consequences, sometimes fatal, depending on the type of vessel that is affected by the obstruction

Biological drugs

Definition and generalities When we talk about biological drugs we want to indicate a large group of medicines that derive from, or obtained by means of, living organisms or microorganisms. In other words, a biological drug is a compound, more or less complex, that can be produced by a living organism or derived from it

Anticoagulant drugs: What are they? What are they for? I.Randi's Action Mechanism and Side Effects

Introduction Anticoagulant drugs are drugs that can hinder blood clotting . Given their therapeutic action, these drugs are used to prevent thrombus formation and to hinder the growth of those that have already formed. The formation of thrombi in the blood vessels, in fact, is an event that can lead to very serious and sometimes fatal consequences, especially if the thrombus detaches from the wall of the vessel in which it is formed and enters the bloodstream

Fibrated drugs: What are they? of I.Randi

Generality Fibrate drugs are drugs used to decrease triglyceride and cholesterol levels in the blood. The use of similar medicines, therefore, is indicated in all those patients in whom the blood levels of the aforementioned fats are so high as to constitute a pathological condition capable of compromising their health and putting their lives at risk

I.Randi Childbirth Induction Drugs

Generality Medications for the induction of childbirth are administered in cases where it is necessary to intervene to induce and / or favor labor . Clearly, these drugs can be used only and exclusively by medical personnel in the hospital setting and only in cases of real need , since they are able to cause sometimes serious side effects and since their use is certainly not without contraindications

Phenylephrine of I.Randi

Generality Phenylephrine is an active ingredient with a sympathomimetic action . More specifically, it is an alpha-1 adrenergic receptor agonist . Thanks to this characteristic, phenylephrine is able to induce vasoconstriction by exercising - depending on the route through which it is administered - an anti-hypotensive action , a mydriatic action , or a decongestant action at the level of the nasal mucosa

Fenitoina: What is it? How does it work? Indications, Side Effects and Contraindications of I.Randi

Generality Phenytoin is an active ingredient used in the treatment of epilepsy and seizures . Phenytoin - Chemical Structure It is available in different pharmaceutical formulations, suitable for both oral administration and parenteral administration . Phenytoin can be included in the composition of medicinal products either individually, as the only active ingredient, or in combination with other active ingredients useful for the treatment of epilepsy (generally, they are barbiturates )

Fluoroquinolones: What are they? What are they for? Side Effects and Contraindications of I.Randi

Generality Fluoroquinolones are antibacterial drugs used in the treatment of different types of infections. Fluoroquinolones - General Chemical Structure In detail, the quinolone antibacterial drugs that, within their chemical structure, have one or more fluorine atoms (from which, precisely, the prefix "fluoro-") fall into the group of fluoroquinolones

Skin fungi - Cutaneous mycosis

Watch the video X Watch the video on youtube Generality Skin fungi are a group of microorganisms capable of causing various diseases affecting the epidermis and dermis, generally known as cutaneous mycoses (or dermatomycoses ) Skin fungi - Pityriasis Versicolor Also called fungi , fungi are commonly found in skin flora and in the environment, but generally they are not a problem; in fact, they tend to "cohabit" with the human organism in the state of saprophytes, without harming you

Gabapentin: What is it? How does it work? Indications, Posology, Side Effects and Contraindications of I.Randi

Generality Gabapentin is an active ingredient used in the treatment of epilepsy and peripheral neuropathic pain . Gabapentin - Chemical Structure Gabapentin was synthesized with the aim of creating an active ingredient capable of exerting an agonist action against gamma-aminobutyric acid receptors (GABA), one of the most important neurotransmitters inhibiting the central nervous system

Guaifenesina of I.Randi

Generality Guaifenesin is an active ingredient with an expectorant action , widely used in the treatment of productive cough or oily cough. Also known as glyceryl guaiacolate , guaifenesin is able to fluidify , therefore facilitating the expulsion of the excess mucus ( phlegm ) produced in the course of diseases - both acute and chronic - of the respiratory system

Sodium hypochlorite

What is that Sodium hypochlorite is an active ingredient with a disinfectant action which - appropriately diluted - is part of the composition of over-the-counter drugs for topical use, intended for the disinfection of injured skin . More precisely, within these products, sodium hypochlorite is found in very low concentrations, generally 0

Lamotrigine: What is it? How does it work? Indications, Posology, Side Effects and Contraindications of I.Randi

Generality Lamotrigine is an active ingredient belonging to the group of antiepileptics and usually used in the treatment of epilepsy . Lamotrigine - Chemical Structure Despite this, lamotrigine has also been shown to be effective in the treatment of bipolar disorder and, in particular, in the treatment of acute depressive episodes

Lidocaine: contraindications and side effects

At therapeutic doses, lidocaine is an excellent local anesthetic drug, also used as an anti-arrhythmic drug. Contraindications Do not take lidocaine in case of suspected or confirmed allergy / sensitivity to the active ingredient or any other type of paralyzing substance. Furthermore, lidocaine is strongly discouraged in the following circumstances: Hypotension not related to arrhythmias Bradycardia: reduction in heart rate below the normal range which, in adults, is 60 beats per minute Peacemaker Porphyria: clinical syndrome that affects skin and nervous system

Lidocaine

What is lidocaine? Lidocaine is an active ingredient widely used as a local and anti-arrhythmic anesthetic. Lidocaine can be applied directly on the skin surface, inoculated under the skin, injected intravenously or infiltrated into the joint: Distributed on the skin , lidocaine is used to relieve itching, burning or pain due to inflammation of the skin

Lovastatina: What is it? How does it work? Indications, Side Effects and Contraindications of I.Randi

Generality Lovastatin is an active ingredient used in the treatment of hypercholesterolemia . Lovastatin - Chemical Structure Belonging to the statin group, lovastatin can also be used to decrease excessively high levels of triglycerides in the blood and not just cholesterol levels. In order to carry out its activity, lovastatin must be taken orally

Marijuana for Therapeutic Use

Generality The use of marijuana for therapeutic use has been approved in Italy for several years, although the debate in this area continues to remain on arousing conflicting opinions. In truth, the use of marijuana in the medical field dates back to a far more distant past than one can imagine. Suffice it to say, in fact, that the first documentation mentioning marijuana for therapeutic use is represented by Chinese medical texts dating back to 3000 years ago