eye health


Definition of blepharitis Blepharitis is a chronic inflammation of the eyelids, which is distinguished by the appearance of crusts, scales and irritative ulcers along the eyelid margin. Depending on the nature of the inflammation, blepharitis can cause rather modest symptoms or cause obvious palpebral deformities with loss of cilia or alteration of ciliary growth


Calazio: what is it? Calazio is a chronic inflammation of the meibomian sebaceous glands located along the entire thickness of the lower and upper eyelids. Typical of blepharitis, seborrhea and acne rosacea, calazi are easily distinguished from other ocular pathologies by the formation of a cystic lesion in correspondence with the gland involved in the infection

Cataract: therapy, intervention and prevention

Short summary Progressive and irreversible, cataract is an eye disease typical of the elderly, which consists in the gradual opacification of the lens. In simple terms, the cataract is a pathological state in which there is a loss of transparency of the lens. When not surgically treated, the cataract can first cause a slight blurring of the vision which, then, almost always leads to the most absolute blindness

Cataract: symptoms and complications

Introduction "How to observe the world under water": this is how many patients suffering from cataracts define their ability to perceive an image, while fixing it carefully. Cataract is an eye disease in which the crystalline lens, the biconvex natural lens that refracts light to focus on an object, undergoes a progressive opacification


Definition of cataract Cataract is defined as a partial or total opacification of the crystalline lens, the natural transparent lens inside the eye that allows to correctly display an object, a figure or any other image. The lens plays a very important role for the eye: similarly to the lens of a camera, this lens placed inside the eyeball has the task of focusing on the retina the light that exceeds the cornea

Keratitis: symptoms, treatment and prevention

Introduction Keratitis is a general inflammation of the cornea. Although often infectious in nature, keratitis can also be caused by surgical trauma or favored by the penetration of an object into the eye. Although it may ideally affect anyone, infectious keratitis occurs more often in severely immunocompromised patients (eg those affected by the HIV virus) and weakened; the a traumatic variant of keratitis is instead a typical - albeit not exclusive - condition of contact lens wearers


Definition of Keratitis In medicine the term keratitis identifies a generic inflammation of the cornea, the thin membrane that covers the iris and pupil of the eye. Although the most common keratitis has an infectious origin, the causes of corneal inflammation can also be found in traumas of a different nature


Definition Keratoconjunctivitis is a pathological condition characterized by the simultaneous inflammation of the cornea (keratitis) and conjunctiva (conjunctivitis). There are different sub-categories of keratoconjunctivitis, essentially distinguished on the basis of the causal agent and the symptoms with which they occur

Antibiotic eye drops

What is that Antibiotic eye drops - together with ophthalmic ointments with antibiotic action - is the main medicine used for the treatment of bacterial eye infections. Of course, the use of antibiotic eye drops must be carried out only on the doctor's instructions and dispensing can only take place upon presentation of a specific recipe

Conjunctivitis eye drops

Watch the video X Watch the video on youtube Choice of eye drops The eye drops are undoubtedly the drugs of first choice for the treatment of conjunctivitis, a disorder that is characterized by the inflammation of the conjunctiva. The administration of drugs in the form of eye drops is extremely advantageous because, by directly instilling the active ingredient in the eye, the healing time of the disease is accelerated


What is eye drops? Eyewash is an aqueous, medicated or non-medicated preparation that is applied directly to the eye to treat or improve an eye disorder. Instilled in the eye in the form of drops, the eye drops are indicated in the treatment of glaucoma, eye redness, dry eyes, conjunctivitis, allergies and eye infections

Antihistamine eye drops

What is that Antihistamine eye drops is a medicine for ocular use, formulated with active ingredients with an antihistamine and antiallergic action. In the pharmacy you can find different types of antihistamine eye drops, some of which are classified as self-medication and, as such, can be purchased without a prescription


What is conjunctivitis? Among the diseases of the eye, conjunctivitis undoubtedly covers an important position: it is in fact the most common ocular inflammation. More precisely, conjunctivitis is an inflammatory process affecting the conjunctiva, the thin, transparent mucous membrane that covers the anterior surface of the eye (with the exception of the cornea) and the inner eyelid area

Allergic Conjunctivitis: Causes and Symptoms

What is allergic conjunctivitis? Allergic conjunctivitis is an inflammatory process affecting the conjunctiva induced by any allergen, whether this is a chemical (eg contact lens solutions) or natural (eg pollen). Probably, allergic conjunctivitis is the most common type I hypersensitivity reaction (IgE mediated allergies) that affects roughly 20% of total allergies

Allergic conjunctivitis diagnosis, treatment, prevention

Diagnosis of allergic conjunctivitis Unlike other forms of inflammation in the conjunctiva, allergic conjunctivitis is relatively simple to diagnose: the onset symptoms are in fact quite characteristic and easily recognizable. Allergic conjunctivitis is distinguished by the obvious swelling and fierce itching that arise suddenly following exposure to allergens

Bacterial conjunctivitis

Definition A bacterial type of infectious conjunctivitis is called bacterial. Normally, bacterial conjunctivitis is a benign self-limiting disease that can be resolved in a matter of days through topical application (directly in the eye) of antibiotics. Together with the viral and allergic variant, bacterial conjunctivitis represents one of the most common disorders affecting the eye; precisely, it is an infection that affects the conjunctiva, the thin protective film that covers the inner eyelid and the eyeball

Viral conjunctivitis: diagnosis, treatment and prevention

Introduction Typical of influenza states, viral conjunctivitis consists of an inflammation of the conjunctiva caused by viruses. The most common pathogens are precisely: Adenovirus, Herpes simplex, Herpes zoster and molluscum contagiosum. In the course of the article we will shed light on the most suitable diagnostic strategies to ascertain a suspicion of viral conjunctivitis and we will analyze which are the drugs of choice for the treatment of this ophthalmic infection

Viral conjunctivitis

Generality Viral conjunctivitis is an inflammatory process of the conjunctiva caused by viruses. Similar to other forms of conjunctival inflammation; the viral variant also begins with common symptoms; like abundant watery eyes; light intolerance (photophobia); palpebral swelling and red eyes (conjunctival hyperemia)

Eye Contour

Premise Similarly to the lip contour, the eye contour is an extremely delicate area of ​​the face skin. Continuously subjected to environmental insults (wind, humidity, hot / cold changes, etc.) and to the natural movements of facial expressions, the eye contour tends to age much more quickly than in other skin areas. Fo

Color Therapy

Color therapy Color as art, form, life, therapy ... in one word: chromotherapy. Chromotherapy is one of the alternative medicines: the colorful world of colors represents a therapy aimed at treating disorders of varying degrees. In this "medicine", which does not make use of any scientific proof, colors are indispensable to rediscover the harmony and balance of body and spirit

Color Blindness

What is color blindness? Color blindness is a predominantly genetic defect, which consists of the inability - total or partial - to distinguish colors mainly due to an alteration of the photosensitive structures at the level of the retina. Despite being a disorder that involves a small slice of the population (it is estimated that about 8% of men and 0

Emeralopia - Night Blindness

Generality Hemeralopia - also known as night blindness - is a disorder characterized by difficulty seeing at night and in low light or twilight conditions. Subjects suffering from emeralopia present a delay in visual adaptation when they pass from dark environments to very bright environments and vice versa; however, they have a normal visual capacity during daylight hours

Ocular herpes

Definition Ocular herpes is a common infection of the eye, mainly supported by the herpes simplex virus. Although a single episode of ocular herpes tends to resolve without any complication, in some cases the infection can cause scarring at the corneal level or, worse still, irreversibly compromise the sight

Conjunctival hyperemia

Generality Conjunctival hyperemia is a frequent disorder characterized by redness of one or both eyes. This condition is often an indication of inflammation , but can recognize various causes. In fact, conjunctival hyperemia can derive from various pathologies that affect the eye and ocular adnexa, such as infections, allergies, trauma, elevated intraocular pressure, penetration of foreign bodies, incorrect use of contact lenses or exposure to irritants ( eg cigarette smoke, dust, smog, ammonia and chlorine)

I.Randi Orthokeratology

Generality Orthokeratology is a particular technique used in ophthalmology for the purpose of correcting various types of visual defects. More in detail, orthokeratology - or better, nocturnal orthokeratology - makes use of contact lenses that must be used at night in order to correct sight defects such as myopia, hypermetropia, astigmatism and presbyopia


Definition In the medical field, the orzaiolo is an infection that appears as a bulge in the eyelid, an expression of an acute inflammatory process affecting the sebaceous glands of the eyelashes. The orzaiolo appears as a sort of pimple or round pimple, comparable to an abscess of rather solid consistency, which appears on the outer wall of the eyelid or (less frequently) on the inner wall

Ophthalmic ointment

What are ophthalmic ointments Ophthalmic ointments are pharmaceutical preparations that are applied directly to the eye to treat or improve a specific eye condition. Similar to eye drops, ophthalmic ointments are also indicated in the treatment of all superficial ocular inflammations, including those with infectious and allergic origin


Generality Pterygium is a disease that affects the anterior surface of the eye. This pathological condition is characterized by the development of a fibrovascular membrane at the level of the scleral conjunctiva . Progressively, the pterygium may extend to cover the cornea (transparent tissue that lies in front of the iris and pupil)


Definition Retinitis is defined as any inflammation affecting the retina, whether due to infections, hereditary degenerative diseases or inflammatory (inflammatory) processes of the neighboring ocular tissues. Although numerous sub-categories exist, retinitis can be subdivided substantially into two macro-groups; according to the cause of origin, they are distinguished: Infective retinitis, induced by bacteria, viruses (in particular, by cytomegalovirus) or mycetes Retinitis pigmentosa, hereditary-degenerative disease that almost always leads to blindness Retinitis is a real threat to eyesight,

Sparkling Scotoma

Generality The scintillating scotoma is a visual manifestation very often associated with migraine with aura . This symptom consists in the perception of a dark speck surrounded by small colored stripes with intermittent luminosity , in a visual half-field. In practice, the subject who experiences a scintillating scotoma sees an area of ​​less visual efficiency, while the details present in the rest of the visual field are perceived normally. Th

Types of Eye Drops

Definition of eye drops Eye drops are drugs or natural preparations to be administered in the eye in the form of drops. There are many types of eye drops: some are intended for the treatment of ophthalmic pathologies (eg glaucoma, uveitis, etc.), while others are reserved for the improvement of non-pathological eye disorders (eg red eyes, dry eyes, etc

Types of ophthalmic ointment

Ophthalmic ointment The ophthalmic ointment appears as a soft and creamy preparation, to be spread inside the eye and / or on the eyelid. In addition to the active ingredient, the eye ointments are enriched with excipients that are essential to adjust the pH of the substance to that of the eye and preserve the product

Corneal Topography - Topographic Map of the Cornea of ​​I.Randi

Introduction Corneal topography is the diagnostic test used to obtain the topographic map of the cornea . More in detail, the execution of the corneal topography allows the study of the shape and characteristics of the cornea, thus allowing the identification of any defects or pathologies affecting this region of the eye


What is uveitis? Uveitis is an inflammatory process affecting the uvea , the thin vascular tunic of the eye that is interposed between the external ocular membrane (sclera and cornea) and the retina. Although the term "uveitis" expresses the sole inflammation of the uvea, very often this word is improperly used to indicate inflammatory processes affecting other ocular structures, such as for example retina, sclera and cornea

Uveitis: diagnosis, therapy and prognosis

Uveitis and eye damage Uveitis is a generic inflammation of the uveal tract, the thin vascular membrane composed of three ocular sheets (choroid, ciliary and crystalline body) that separate the cornea and sclera from the retina. Uveitis constitutes an optical eye emergency in all respects: when not treated properly, the disease can spread to other neighboring ocular structures - such as cornea, iris and retina - causing exaggerated and sometimes irreversible damage, first of all compromising the vision and blindness

Jetrea - Ocriplasmin

What is Jetrea Jetrea - Ocriplasmin and what is it used for? Jetrea is a medicine that contains the active substance ocriplasmin. It is indicated in adults for the treatment of vitreomacular traction (VMT), an eye disease that can cause severe visual disturbances. How is Jetrea - Ocriplasmin used? Jetrea is a concentrate that is made up into a solution for ocular injection

Solar ophtalmodynia: when eye pain depends on light

In some diseases, eye pain worsens with exposure to sunlight and intense artificial lighting. This annoying sensation, in particular, can be found in case of uveitis, corneal abrasions, conjunctivitis, keratitis and acute glaucoma. In addition, solar ophthalmodynia may depend on meningitis, headache and various febrile states

Eyes and sun protection

In summer, like the skin, even the eyes need protection. Exposure to ultraviolet rays, in fact, can favor the progressive opacification of the crystalline lens , a structure that filters and projects light onto the retina. Furthermore, solar radiation is implicated in the induction or progression of photokeratitis , retinopathy and age- related macular degeneration

Conjunctivitis: more advice in case of pollen allergy

In case of pollen allergy, it is not advisable to use decongestant eye drops based on natural plant extracts, such as chamomile, mallow and cornflower. The risk, in fact, is that they aggravate the allergic reaction. Chamomile and cornflower, in fact, belong to the Asteraceae family (also called Compositae) and if conjunctivitis is triggered by their own pollens, certainly these eye drops will not guarantee relief

Ocular allergies in domestic environments

Eye allergies do not always depend on a picnic on a beautiful flowery lawn. Some of the most common allergens, in fact, are found right at home: hair of cats and dogs , dust mites and molds . Today, the houses are perfectly isolated, limiting a change of air. This makes them, in a paradoxical way, less healthy, since the ideal conditions are created for allergens to concentrate