feeding time

Foods to Avoid in Breastfeeding

Introduction Food and breastfeeding: problems Feeding during lactation is an essential factor in ensuring the correct production of milk in the nurse. Possible defects in the lactation (quantity and duration) or the chemical composition of the breast milk can negatively affect the infant's state of health (from the neonatal age up to the 6th month of life); this can happen for two reasons: Inadequate milk composition and consequent: Dissatisfaction with the nutritional requirements of the child Possible harmfulness due to contaminants etc

Conservation of Maternal Milk by I.Randi

Generality Proper storage of breast milk is of fundamental importance to maintain the characteristics of the food and to ensure the safety of the child who will take it. Clearly, the preservation of breast milk is necessary when it is extracted (or pulled, if you prefer) from the breasts of the mother who cannot breastfeed her baby

I.Randi Electric Breast Pump

Generality The electric breast pump is a very useful tool for all women who - due to factors of various origins and nature - cannot use breastfeeding. In order to guarantee correct milk extraction, without damaging the delicate breast tissue, the electric breast pump must be used in the appropriate manner

I.Randi Manual Breast Pump

Generality The manual breast pump is a device used to extract milk from the breast when the mother cannot provide breastfeeding directly to the newborn. In fact, breast milk is an extremely valuable nutritional source for the baby, since it contains all the nutrients, enzymes, defense cells and antibodies necessary for its correct and healthy development

Medications to Treat Postpartum Depression

Definition Postpartum depression is a particular form of depressive disorder, which affects women in the period following birth. Usually, this form of depression develops over a few months and manifests itself with rather intense and lasting symptoms. It is a condition that greatly affects the ability to take care of the newborn, therefore, diagnosis and timely treatment are essential

Medications for Curing Mastitis

Definition Mastitis is defined as an inflammatory process with a purely infectious etiology that involves the breast tissue; it is a pathological condition typical of the lactation period, but can also occur outside lactation. Generally, the mastitis that appears in the mother during the period between the birth of the baby and the following six weeks is called "puerperal"


What is Colostrum The secretion of the breast, which in women normally begins after childbirth (only exceptionally before), passes through three phases. As a result, the balance of nutrients in breast milk also changes during these three stages of breastfeeding: in the first 5 days the colostrum is produced transitional milk from the 5th-6th to the 10th day from the 10th to the 20th day (onwards) mature milk

Milk or milk flours

Normally, milk flours represent the first food introduced during weaning; for the child they are therefore the first taste experience outside of breast milk. Practices - they are prepared instantly with the addition of boiling water - and nutrients, essentially consisting of milk, to which cereals and dehydrated fruit are eventually added

Women's milk

Women's milk is a specific product of the mammary gland and is a complex liquid that contains substances in solution, in emulsion and in colloid dispersion. Those in solution are represented by: sugars: lactose and simple sugars (oligosaccharides). Lactose is the prevailing sugar in quantity; mineral salts: sodium, potassium, chlorine, calcium

Adapted milk (or for infants)

Nowadays, formulated milks have been industrially prepared, through various stages, starting from cow's milk, more and more refined, in order to be as chemically similar as possible to human milk and to better respond to the digestive and nutritional needs of the small infant, that is the baby of the first 4/6 months, all on the model of the breast-fed infant

Breast milk and cow's milk

Comparison between mother's milk and cow's milk One of the animal milks that comes closest to the human one is cow's milk. The comparison between the two types of milk is shown in the table: COMPONENTS HUMAN MILK (100 g) VACCINE MILK (100 g) Proteins in grams (g) 1.2 3.3 whey protein α-lactalbumin b-lactoglobulin lattotransferrina immunoglobulin casein 0.

Follow-on milk (or below)

The industry has also set up milks appropriately formulated for the following period, always replacing cow's milk, which are called follow-up or follow-up milks . These milks offer the opportunity to supply, after the 4-6 months of life, in succession to the adapted milk or in place of the breast milk, a formulated milk more responsive, compared to the vaccine, to the nutritional needs of the infant

Breast milk

The best food for the newborn Breast milk is the most recommendable food for the newborn, as it provides all the nutrients but above all contains them in the right proportions. This discourse is valid for all mammals; cow's milk will therefore be ideal for the needs of the calf but it will not be ideal for those of the newborn

Legislation of food for weaning

Foods based on cereals and other foods intended for infants. For this product category the law establishes that: the quantity of cereals cannot be less than 25% of the final dry weight; the pesticide content must be less than 0.01 mg / kg; in agricultural products intended for early infancy the use of pesticides that have an assimilable daily intake of (ADI) greater than 5 µg / kg of body weight is prohibited; GMO content is tolerated up to one part per million (1 PPM); it is not possible to add salt, except as sodium salts with a technological function.

Weaning or Deprivation

Weaning the child The term weaning (or weaning) indicates the gradual and progressive transition to the experience of taking solid and liquid foods in ways different from breast sucking. this requirement is linked to the progressive increase in the energy needs of the young organism, which also change in qualitative terms


Edited by Eugenio Ciuccetti, Obstetrician Importance of Breast Training After birth, the first crucial step to guarantee a healthy development for our child is certainly to ensure that he is breastfeeding correctly and continuously. Therefore, unless there are important and documented medical contraindications (for example breast cancer, HIV, TB etc

Increase breast milk production

A characteristic sign of pregnancy is increased sensitivity and breast size. This change underlines how the maternal organism is preparing to supply the right nourishment to the unborn child. Increasing breast milk production seems an important milestone for many new mothers, given the widespread and often unjustified fear that the milk produced is not sufficient to cover the nutritional needs of the baby


Generality The capoparto is the first menstruation that appears after childbirth . This event frequently coincides with the end of the puerperium and, in women who do not breastfeed, usually occurs five or six weeks after the birth of the baby. On the other hand, mothers who are breast-feeding, the reappearance of menstruation is delayed for constitutional reasons or due to hormonal alterations still in progress

Breast engorgement

Generality Breast engorgement is a typical problem in the first days after birth. It is characterized by the stagnation of milk in the udder, which appears tense, edematous and shiny, sometimes reddened and painful, however unable to emit significant quantities of milk. Main causes of breast engorgement: Excessive milk production

Milk Production - Breast Milk

Generality Breast milk, produced and secreted by the mammary glands, is essential to ensure the right nourishment for the newborn. Already during the last trimester of pregnancy, several pregnant women notice that from their breast, by squeezing, a watery and yellowish liquid comes out. This is colostrum, the first milk that the baby will drink in the course of life; a milk that is relatively low in fat and sugar, but particularly rich in mineral salts and gamma globulins (antibodies), which once absorbed in the intestine will guarantee the child a certain immunity from disease, at least until

Mastitis and Lactation - Puerperal Mastitis

Puerperal mastitis is an inflammatory process of infectious origin, which affects the breast during lactation or following its suspension. Although it affects a significant percentage of nurses (up to 10%), mastitis can first be prevented, but also cured without the need to suspend breastfeeding. Causes Puerperal mastitis is caused by the entry of germs into the galactophore ducts, small ducts that drain the milk up to the nipple

Feeding, duration and frequency of feedings

When talking about breastfeeds there are no fixed rules; distribution, frequency and duration of the same, in fact, vary from one child to another. In such a context, it is possible to draw up at most some general indications, to make sure that the child takes adequate quantities of milk and prevents unpleasant problems both for the mother and the baby

Breast engorgement - Causes and Symptoms

Related articles: Ingummo Mammario Definition A breast engorgement is a problem that typically occurs during the first stages of lactation, ie in the days following the birth; however, it can occur throughout the entire breastfeeding period. The blockage occurs when the breast passes from the synthesis of the colostrum to that of the mature milk (stage of the milky whipping)

Mastitis symptoms

Related articles: Mastitis Definition Mastitis is a painful inflammation that affects the breast. It appears mainly in post-partum, during breast-feeding (puerperal mastitis), often due to an infection favored by the presence of cuts or fissures on the nipples. Staphylococcus aureus is the most common etiologic pathogen

Milky Mount - Causes and Symptoms

Definition The milky whipping consists in that stage of breastfeeding in which the colostrum gradually transforms, first into "transitional milk" in the 2-7 days after the birth, and subsequently, in the first two or three weeks, in "mature milk". The mechanism underlying this event is the increase in prolactin (pituitary hormone), stimulated by the sucking of the nipple by the newborn

Breast fissures - Causes and Symptoms

Related articles: Breast crevices Definition Breast fissures are small fissures that form on the nipple or on the surrounding areola. These cuts can appear during breastfeeding (especially in the first few days and in the primiparae) and indicate the wrong posture of the newborn when it attaches to the maternal breast or a too prolonged duration of breastfeeding