heart health

Does aerobic activity hurt the heart?

According to certain scientific studies carried out on rats, the elderly who suffer from heart problems and with an athletic endurance "should curse" too much aerobic activity carried out during their life. That being said, many questions should arise spontaneously: Should the athlete's heart not be an advantage

Heart beats

If the heart beats less you live longer: Turtle 6 beats per minute 150 years of life Elephant 30 beats per minute 70 years of life Horse 44 beats per minute 40 years of life Cow 65 beats per minute 22 years of life Pig 70 beats per minute 25 years of life Whale 80 beats per minute 20 years of life Dog 90 beats per minute 15 years of life Cat 150 beats per minute 15 years of life Ape 190 beats per minute 15 years of life Rabbit 205 beats per minute 9 years of life Hamster 450 beats per minute 3 years of life hummingbird 600 beats per minute 0

The heartbeat

By Dr. Michela Folli To assess the degree of aerobic training to which an individual is subjected during the aerobics class we use a single parameter: the heartbeat. The frequency of an individual's heart rate at rest varies from 65 to 75 beats per minute depending on sex; usually the woman has a higher value, with increasing age the heart rate increases

Heart rate at rest

How to measure your resting heart rate if you don't have a heart rate monitor The detection must be carried out in the morning, as soon as you get up and after sitting for a few minutes. Count the beats for a full minute and note the result in a table (you can count the beats for 15 seconds and then multiply them by 4)

Heart rate calculation

Edited by Massimo Armeni Convinced that they are the "numbers" the pillars of the Science of Fitness and Sports Medicine, below I have described the internationally validated formulas for the determination of the Maximum Heart Rate and the Physical Exercise Prescription. 1) HRmax → (220 - age in years) 2) HRmax → (226 - age in years) for the female sex 3) HRmax → (227 - age in years) for the female sex 4) always to evaluate the maximum heart rate, other researchers propose a different formula for adults: maximum heart rate → 210 - (0.5 x age

Cardiac reserve and cardiac reserve frequency

Cardiac reserve in physiology The cardiac reserve is the heart's ability to increase its blood flow in one minute. Compared to basal conditions, the human heart can increase its flow rate by 3-7 times, depending on age, state of health and degree of training. The maximum percentage increase in cardiac output (or range) compared to the baseline values ​​(at rest) constitutes the cardiac reserve. Re

HRC and heart rate

The HRC function is a sophisticated training program that keeps the heart rate set by the user constant. In fact, if the age of the user and the relative heart threshold are set at the beginning of the training, the HRC program function, if necessary, will automatically intervene during the run, modifying the speed and inclination of the treadmill

Calculation of the ideal heart rate

The heart rate values ​​to be followed during exercise vary according to the training objectives. It is possible to obtain an indicative value of the ideal number of beats per minute by entering your age in the following table and clicking on the "Calculate" button.

Heart rate

Links to site articles dealing with the "heart rate" topic »Heart rate at rest »Calculation of the ideal heart rate »Calculate your ideal heart rate »Calculate the maximum heart rate »Heart: anatomy and physiology »Physiology of the capillary circulation »Circulatory adaptations and sports »Adaptations of the heart in response to physical activity »The heart rate monitor »The anaerobic threshold »The Conconi test »The aerobic power VO2max, METS, IP and test to measure it »EPOC: extra post-exercise oxygen consumption »Heart rate calculation »Heart beats: Man Vs Animals »Orthostatic hea

Heart rate calculation

This calculator is able to predict the heart rate of training. As reported in the following table there are intensity zones based on the percentage of maximum heart rate. AREA EXERCISE -intensity- TARGET INTENSITY (% HRmax) 1 very light keeping fit, 50% -60% 2 light lose weight-burn fat 60-70% 3 moderate increase endurance 70-80% 4 high prepare for a race 80-90% 5 maximal improve anaerobic performance 90-100% If, for example, you want to program your workout in order to use mainly fat for energy purposes, you must calibrate your heart rate monitor to a heart rate of 60-70% of your HRmax (maximu

Maximum heart rate

Edited by: Gian Paolo Tascio Assuming that the objectives of a modern sports center are increasingly directed from fitness to wellness, it is right to say, for the many competent operators in the sector, that within a training room the modulation of workloads, which are administered to the members during group lessons, quantifies the skills, experience and skills of a valid instructor

Calculate the maximum heart rate

To calculate the maximum theoretical heart rate the KARVONEN formula has been used for several years, from the name of the Finnish scholar who first elaborated it. According to this rule, the theoretical maximum heart rate is calculated by subtracting one's age from 220. Fc max = 220-age (years) The calculation is quite simple and the formula is easily remembered

Heart Rate for Weight Loss

This article aims to clarify once and for all what is the ideal heart rate for weight loss, given the great confusion and summary information circulating on the subject. Too often, instructors and personal trainers solve the problem by recommending a heart rate between 60 and 70% of HRmax, since at this level of intensity we find the highest consumption of fat, therefore theoretically the maximum lipolytic activity of the exercise

BLS and BLS-D: What are they? What they are for and how they are put into practice by I.Randi

Generality The BLS and the BLS-D are protocols comprising a sequence of first aid actions and maneuvers to be implemented in emergency situations and, in particular, in the event of respiratory and / or cardiac arrest. The BLS and BLS-D protocols can be put into practice by both health professionals and non-health workers, provided they have followed the appropriate courses held by doctors and qualified operators on behalf of the Italian Resuscitation Council (IRC)

Alcoholic Cardiopathy

Generality Alcoholic heart disease is a heart disease that occurs due to excessive consumption of alcohol. From the medical point of view, it is included in the list of so-called dilatative cardiomyopathies. Generally asymptomatic at the beginning, in its most advanced stages alcoholic heart disease is responsible for symptoms such as: difficulty breathing (dyspnea) under stress and at rest, tachycardia, chest pain, edema in multiple parts of the body, syncope, abnormalities in the heartbeat and problems urinary; furthermore, always in its most advanced stages, it has a high probability of givi

Fulminating Heart Failure

Generality Fulminant infarction is a serious form of heart attack, which - following the obstruction of one of the two main coronaries - involves a large area of ​​cardiac muscle tissue; hence a high probability of sudden death of the person affected. Generally, an embolus resulting from a thrombus or an atheroma causes the fulminant infarct episodes; more rarely, it is a coronary spasm due, for example, to the use of drugs such as cocaine, amphetamine or methamphetamine. Sy

Sudden Cardiac Death: What it is, Symptoms, Causes and Prevention of I.Randi

Introduction For sudden cardiac death (MIC) we want to indicate an unexpected and unexpected natural death that occurs due to causes of cardiac origin . This is a death that occurs quickly within an hour of the onset of acute symptoms which, however, sometimes do not manifest themselves, making it difficult - if not impossible - to identify the imminent onset

CardioPulmonary Resuscitation - CPR: What is it? What it serves and how it is practiced in adults and children of I.Randi

Introduction Cardiopulmonary resuscitation is a first aid tool that - if undertaken promptly and correctly - can save several lives . In detail, cardiopulmonary resuscitation consists of a series of maneuvers aimed at maintaining blood circulation and transporting oxygen to the various organs and tissues in an individual, when the heart is no longer able to contract or is unable to convey blood through blood vessels

I.Randi Night Tachycardia

Introduction Nocturnal tachycardia is a significant increase in heart rate that occurs during the night. More in detail, nocturnal tachycardia is a symptom that can be associated with different conditions, both pathological and non-pathological. Contrary to what one might think, in fact, nocturnal tachycardia is not always correlated to cardiac pathologies, but can also be induced by disorders having different origins

The heart rate monitor

What is the heart rate monitor The heart rate monitor is a simple device that can instantly detect the heart rate, a parameter that indicates the number of beats that the heart makes in a minute. Thanks to a simple sensor placed inside a chest strap, the heart rate monitor transmits electromagnetic signals that will be appropriately coded and processed by a receiver clock

palpitations

Under normal conditions a healthy person does not perceive cardiac activity; when the opposite happens we speak of heart failure. The subjective perception of the heartbeat may depend on an alteration of the rate at which the heart contracts and relaxes or on the increase in the amount of blood expelled at each cycle

Angiography

See also: coronarography What is Angiography? Angiography is a radiological exam that allows the visualization of certain vascular districts, in order to study their morphology and course, and to reveal possible alterations. Traditional angiography uses X-rays to obtain a diagnostic representation of blood and lymphatic vessels

angioplasty

Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty, or more simply angioplasty, is a minimally invasive technique capable of eliminating, or at least reducing, narrowing of the vessel caliber. Indications When the internal lumen of an artery is reduced, generally due to an atherosclerotic plaque, a thrombus or an inflammatory process, it is called stenosis

Inotrope - Positive / Negative Cronotrope

The inotropic adjective belongs to any agent capable of altering the contraction force of a muscle. The term inotropic is widely used in the medical field, especially in reference to the action of some drugs on myocardial contractility. This effect can be: positive inotrope: increase in the contractile strength of the heart muscle; negative ionotropic: decreased contractile strength of the heart muscle

Cardiomyopathy and alcohol abuse

One of the consequences that can cause alcohol abuse is a myocardial disease - the heart muscle - called alcoholic cardiomyopathy . Cardiomyopathies are pathologies that are characterized by an anatomical modification of the heart muscle, a modification that negatively affects the functional level, with sometimes very serious consequences on the functioning of the heart

High cholesterol in pregnancy and risk of heart attack in the child

The first vascular anomalies, from which the process of atherosclerosis is slowly unsaturated, can already be observed during the first year of a child's life. Indeed, we have seen how the pathological process begins already inside the uterus; in the fetus, in fact, the first precursor lesions of the future atherosclerotic plaques (the so-called lipid striae or fatty streak) can be detected

Cardiomyopathy and diabetes

One of the complications induced by diabetes is a myocardial disease - the heart muscle - called diabetic cardiomyopathy . Cardiomyopathies are pathologies that are characterized by an anatomical modification of the heart muscle, a modification that negatively affects the functional level, with sometimes very serious consequences on the functioning of the heart

Takotsubo cardiomyopathy and heart attack: comparative diagnosis

Around the early 1990s, Japanese researchers demonstrated for the first time that suffering from severe emotional or physical stress can cause a sometimes temporary, sometimes lethal heart disease called shattered heart syndrome or takotsubo cardiomyopathy . The possible symptoms of takotsubo cardiomyopathy - dyspnea, chest pain, transient cardiac rhythm (arrhythmias), cardiogenic shock hypotension, fainting etc

Stressful events that cause takotsubo cardiomyopathy and risk factors

Around the early 1990s, Japanese researchers demonstrated for the first time that suffering from severe emotional or physical stress can cause a sometimes temporary, sometimes lethal heart disease called shattered heart syndrome or takotsubo cardiomyopathy . WHEN IS IT AT RISK? Studying the various cases of the disease, doctors have found that the dangerous situations, as regards emotional stress , are: Fear, exaggerated fits of anger, the death of a loved one, serious economic or legal difficulties, heated discussions with someone else, traffic accidents, public speaking, surprise parties and

What is the therapy for takotsubo cardiomyopathy?

Around the early 1990s, Japanese researchers demonstrated for the first time that suffering from severe emotional or physical stress can cause a sometimes temporary, sometimes lethal heart disease called shattered heart syndrome or takotsubo cardiomyopathy . Typically characterized by dyspnea, chest pain, transient changes in heart rate and changes in blood pressure, takotsubo cardiomyopathy can be mistaken for a heart attack ; however, unlike myocardial infarction, it does not cause cardiac muscle necrosis and, with the necessary help, it can be completely cured

Does Takotsubo cardiomyopathy have permanent effects on the heart?

Around the early 1990s, Japanese researchers demonstrated for the first time that suffering from severe emotional or physical stress can cause heart disease, called broken heart syndrome or takotsubo cardiomyopathy . For the symptoms caused - ie dyspnea, chest pain, transient cardiac rhythm changes, cardiogenic shock hypotension and fainting - takotsubo cardiomyopathy looks a lot like a heart attack

Some things that perhaps are ignored on the heart

Thanks to advances in medicine and the conduct of numerous scientific studies in this regard, various characteristics of the heart became known, some of which are very interesting indeed. For example… The heart of man is different from the heart of a woman . In fact, it weighs more - about 280 grams compared to about 230 for the woman - and performs, at rest, fewer beats per minute - 70 against the woman's 78.

Aortic arch disorders

The aortic arch , or arch of the aorta , is that curved portion of the aorta, which, in every representation of the human heart, is noted to carry the cardiac organ with it and to continue with the descending aorta. Point of origin of three arteries fundamental for the oxygenation of the head and upper limbs, the aortic arch can present, in some individuals, with deformations or placed in anomalous positions

Complications of dextrocardia

Some people are born with the heart slightly off-center to the right (instead of to the left) and marked by an anatomy completely mirroring that of a traditional heart: the atrium and the right ventricle, in fact, are on the left and the atrium and the left ventricle are on the right. This curious condition - called dextrocardia - affects only 1% of the general population and is, for some, completely asymptomatic and, for someone else, a cause of various health problems and even serious complications

Dystrocardia, an asymptomatic anomaly or not?

Some people are born with the heart slightly off-center to the right, instead of to the left, and characterized by an anatomy completely mirroring that of a traditional heart: in fact, the atrium and the right ventricle are on the left and the atrium and the left ventricle are on the right. This curious condition - which affects only 1% of the general population - is called dextrocardia and is, for some, symptom-free and, for someone else, a cause of various disorders

The dextrocardia, when the heart is on the right instead of the left

As you know, the heart is in the chest, slightly off-center to the left. However, although it may seem strange, some individuals have their hearts positioned on the right. This curious condition - very rare, considering that it concerns 1% of the general population - is called dextrocardia (NB: "-cardia" derives from the Greek and means "heart")

What treatment might an individual with dextrocardia need?

Some people have their hearts slightly shifted to the right (rather than to the left) and have an anatomy that is completely similar to the traditional one. This strange condition - which affects only 1% of the general population - is called dextrocardia . Dystrocardia is generally without consequences, therefore those who are carriers are well and do not suffer from any disturbance

Who is the cardiologist?

Cardiology is the branch of internal medicine that studies and treats diseases of the heart (heart disease) and blood vessels. The cardiologist , therefore, is an internal doctor specialized in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases affecting the cardiovascular system (where "cardio" refers to the heart and "vascular" to the blood vessels)

Teeth Health and Cardiovascular Diseases

Several studies have linked poor oral hygiene with an impressive number of diseases. Therefore, poorly cared for teeth can have negative repercussions on our entire health. The most certain link is between bad mouth health and cardiovascular diseases . In fact, chronic inflammation releases a series of inflammatory cytokines in the circulatory stream that promote the formation and / or rupture of atherosclerotic plaques, in turn responsible for dangerous cardiovascular diseases such as heart attacks, ischemic strokes and heart disease

What is the silent heart attack?

The heart attack - more properly called myocardial infarction - is the pathological process due to which the flow of blood destined for the myocardium (or the heart muscle) is inadequate to the requests. Often caused by atherosclerosis , this serious condition causes necrosis (ie death) of myocardial tissue and a reduction in the contractile capacity of the heart