respiratory health


See also: Expectorants Mucus and Catarrh The phlegm, or more correctly sputum , is the pathological secretion of the glands present in the respiratory mucosa. Under normal conditions, this viscous liquid - called mucus - is produced in quantities ranging from 20 to 100 ml / day, necessary to humidify the respiratory tract and capture dust and microorganisms

Asthma and Osteopathy

Asthma: what is it? Bronchial asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways, characterized by hyperactivity of bronchial structures; it is widespread in the population and is still increasing, especially in industrialized countries. The cause of this increase is still not entirely clear. Factors such as increased allergic forms, pollution, change in living conditions and diet modification have been called into question

Bronchial Asthma - Treatment, Drugs and Prevention

Medical-Patient Report Sensitize the patient to develop a close working relationship with the doctor Asthma management requires the development of a close relationship between the asthmatic patient and the doctor. Patients should learn to: Avoid exposure to risk factors. Take the medication correctly

Allergic asthma

Generality Allergic asthma is an inflammatory disease of the respiratory system, caused by excessive reactivity to various allergenic stimuli (eg pollens, molds, dust mites or pet dander) present in the external environment. This pathology typically occurs with cough and bronchospasm crisis (ie a sudden narrowing of the airways), responsible for repeated episodes of dyspnea (respiratory distress) of varying severity

Asthma Crisis (Asthma Attacks)

Definition and Causes The asthmatic crisis can be defined as a sudden worsening of asthma symptoms, which arise quite intensely causing major breathing difficulties. The asthmatic crises are related to the contraction of the muscles that form the wall of the bronchi and to the consequent reduction of the space where the air circulates (bronchoconstriction); moreover, the inside of the bronchi inflates and becomes inflamed, producing a thick mucus that constitutes a further obstacle to the free circulation of air

Bronchial asthma

Curated by Luigi Ferritto (1), Walter Ferritto (2), Giuseppe Fiorentino (3) Generality Bronchial asthma is one of the most frequent diseases and is characterized by a reversible bronchial obstruction. The symptomatology includes: cough wheezing shortness of breath sense of constriction in the chest. These symptoms are variable daily, but prevail at night and early morning

Anti-asthmatic drugs

asthma Parallel to the increasing rate of environmental pollution, the asmatiform forms are constantly increasing. Asthmatic people become hypersensitive to stimuli of different nature (chemical, physical, thermal, allergenic), which are the triggering cause of the asthmatic crisis. Asthma is a chronic inflammation of the respiratory tract in which the bronchi are restricted due to the presence of edema and, occasionally, due to spasmogenic substances released by local cells or cells that infiltrate at a bronchial level through the circulatory stream

Buteyko method applied to asthmatic children

By Dr. Pasquale Fusco Asthma is becoming an increasingly common disease. In the last 10 years the number of asthmatics in the world has doubled, and unfortunately children are not exempt from this problem, even in countries where medical research is highly developed. The dott. Buteyko, a Russian doctor, identified the cause of asthma in chronic hyperventilation, that is, in systematically breathing more than necessary, and we know from our experience of every day that a fright or stress make us increase our breathing, increasing even more the hyperventilation


Generality Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways, characterized by the generally reversible obstruction of the bronchi. The obstruction of the bronchial tree is caused by inflammation of the lower airways and its consequences: due to the inflammatory process, the bronchi contract, fill with liquid and produce an excess of mucus, reducing overall the space available for the free circulation of air

Leukotrienes and Antileucotrienes

Leukotrienes: What are they? Leukotrienes are substances involved in asthmatic, allergic and inflammatory reactions. They are secreted by some types of white blood cells, hence the name " leuko " (white blood cells) + " trienes " (three conjugated double bonds between carbon atoms)


Theophylline is an alkaloid found in tea leaves ( Camellia sinensis ), but also in coffee and guarana seeds. It is used primarily as an anti-asthmatic drug, but the unfavorable risk / benefit ratio makes it a secondary option compared to more effective and safe drugs. Theophylline in the Tea Theophylline concentration is very variable depending on the type of tea, the variety and the duration of the infusion

Allergic rhinitis

Curated by Luigi Ferritto (1), Walter Ferritto (2) Definition and Epidemiology Allergic rhinitis is a pathology frequently encountered, which consists in inflammation of the nasal mucosa caused by exposure to certain substances. MECHANISM OF ACTION Allergic rhinitis is caused by an antigen-antibody reaction, during which phlogistic mediators cause vasodilation

Prevention of Allergic Rhinitis

Curated by Luigi Ferritto (1), Walter Ferritto (2) Complications Allergic rhinitis is often underestimated, but in reality it can seriously worsen patients' quality of life; this deterioration is even comparable to that induced by asthma and other chronic diseases, which is why allergic rhinitis must be adequately treated

Allergic rhinitis and the associated morbidity

Curated by Luigi Ferritto (1), Walter Ferritto (2) Asthma and Allergic Rhinitis The pathology most frequently associated with allergic rhinitis is bronchial asthma . The unitary concept of allergic airway inflammation is supported by numerous studies showing similar characteristics both in the upper and lower airways

Nasal polyps

Key concepts Nasal polyps are soft benign, multiple or solitary tumor growths that grow along the nasal mucosa or within the paranasal sinuses. Causes Although it is not possible to trace a precise and unequivocal cause, it is assumed that the formation of nasal polyps is related to diseases such as: allergy, asthma, cystic fibrosis, chronic sinusitis (especially), immunodeficiency and connective diseases, administration of some drugs, smog

Antibiotic for Bronchitis

Generality Contrary to what common thinking may be, the antibiotic for bronchitis should not be considered as the drug of first choice to be used in the treatment of this disorder. In fact, due to the increasingly widespread phenomenon of antibiotic resistance , the use of such drugs must be done in a thoughtful way, only when it is actually necessary and only on the doctor's advice

Nicotine withdrawal

Generality Nicotine withdrawal , or nicotine withdrawal syndrome , is a set of symptoms that those who have recently decided to quit smoking are subject to. This set of symptoms is justified by the fact that nicotine is an addictive substance, just like alcohol and illegal drugs. Nicotine abstinence appears as soon as a couple of hours after the last cigarette; after 3 days from the healthy decision, it enters the acute phase and, after 14-21 days, begins to resolve

Hysterical bolus

Generality The hysterical bolus - also called " lump in the throat " - is a clinical condition in which the patient perceives a sensation of a foreign body at the level of the throat. This feeling can greatly affect the quality of life of the individual, as it can make swallowing difficult

Bronchiolitis in short

Scroll down the page to read the summary table on the bronchiolitis Bronchiolitis Acute inflammatory process, characterized by obturation of the bronchioles (last bronchial branches) Bronchiolitis: target and incidence index Typical early childhood illness (children up to 2 years) Most at risk category: infants up to 6 months of age 11-13% of patients: requires hospitalization Males are more at risk than females 150 million new cases of bronchiolitis every year Bronchiolitis and colds In adults, bronchiolitis is often misdiagnosed as a cold Bronchiolitis: infection Transmission by air, through


Definition Bronchiolitis means an acute inflammatory process, characterized by the obstruction of the bronchioles (the last bronchial branches): typical early childhood disease, bronchiolitis causes respiratory difficulty, serous nasal discharge, sneezing and loss of appetite. Incidence The target of bronchiolitis is represented by early childhood, in particular by children under the age of 2 years: infants, until they reach six months, are by far the most endangered category

Calm I.Randi's Cough

Introduction Calming the cough is what patients ask the doctor as soon as this annoying disorder appears. Cough is a defense mechanism adopted by the body in an attempt to remove and remove any irritants and / or pathogens found inside the airways. Cough, therefore, is not a disease, but a symptom that can be encountered in more than 100 different diseases

Catarrh in the Throat of I.Randi

Generality Throat phlegm - also known as retronasal catarrh - is the consequence of excessive mucus production by the secreting glands present in the upper airways. More precisely, the phlegm represents what is defined as a pathological secretion of the aforementioned glands, caused by factors having different origins and nature (cooling illnesses, allergic diseases, etc

Nasal plasters

Anti-snoring plasters Nasal plasters are medical devices used mainly to improve the quality of sleep in patients who tend to breathe through the mouth (rather than from the nose) and in those suffering from nasal congestion due to allergies or flu. An excellent remedy against snoring, the nasal plasters were born to interrupt that vicious circle of oral breathing (therefore of roncopatie) during night rest

Nasal congestion

Key points Nasal congestion (or a stuffy nose) is a recurrent symptom in many pathologies affecting the respiratory tract. It is characterized by the accumulation of mucus in the nasal cavity and by the inflammation of the respiratory mucosa. Nasal congestion: causes Nasal congestion may depend on several conditions: allergies, deviation of the nasal septum, hay fever, pregnancy, viral infections of the respiratory tract, enlargement of the adenoids, nasal polyposis, colds, gastric reflux, sinusitis and administration of some drugs

Crusts in the Nose of I.Randi

Generality Scab formation in the nose is a rather annoying phenomenon, sometimes associated with pain, which can affect several people. In detail, the crusts in the nose can form as a result of pathological conditions of various kinds, as they may appear following factors of a non pathological nature


Definition of hemothorax A distinctive sign - albeit not exclusive - of a thoracic perforating trauma, is defined hemothorax as any blood spill in the pleural cavity. Hemothorax constitutes a medical emergency in all respects: considering that the resulting clinical picture is often marked by a state of shock, it is evident that hemothorax constitutes a high risk for the survival of the victim


What is the empiema? The term "empyema" identifies any generic accumulation of purulent fluid (rich in pus) within a PRE-formed body cavity. The empyema must therefore be distinguished from the abscess, which consists in the accumulation of purulent material inside a NEO-formed cavity. An empyema can develop into several anatomical cavities: pleural cavity, thoracic cavity, uterus, appendix, meninges, gallbladder, brain and joints

Hay fever

Definition of phenous fever The term "hay fever" refers to an allergic rhinitis due to pollinosis: it is a very common allergy, which tends to recur seasonally or periodically in sensitive subjects. Hay fever affects the nasal mucosa, eyes and respiratory tract, and is caused mainly by pollen; some individuals show allergies even after contact with dust, feline hair and other possible irritants

Legionella and Legionellosis in Brief

Scroll down the page to read the summary table on legionella and legionellosis. Legionella: presentation Gram-negative aerobic obligate non-fermenting bacterium, one of the major responsible for bacterial pneumonia Etymology of the term The name legionella is attributed to that microorganism that in 1976 caused a serious bacterial pneumonia to 221 legionaries and death to 34 of them


Legionella and bacterial pneumonia One of the major culprits of bacterial pneumonia is legionella, a non-fermenting gram-negative aerobic bacterium obliged: legionella - in particular the pneumophila species - is called an environmental killer in all respects. Historical events The name "legionella", particular and bizarre, originates from a famous conference of legionaries, former combatants of the Vietnam war, held at the Bellevue-Stratforf Hotel in Philadelphia in the summer of 1976: in that year, 221 Legionnaires - among the 4, 000 present - they were struck by a strange lung infl


Definition of legionellosis In medicine, "Legionelliosis" is a general term that indicates all the various types of infection generated by obligatory aerobic gram-negative bacteria belonging to the genus Legionella . In the previous article we analyzed the Legionella beat, focusing particular attention on the microorganism's own characteristics, on the places of diffusion, on the biochemical peculiarities and on the way it is transmitted

Heimlich maneuver: What it is, what it is and how it is done by I.Randi

Introduction The Heimlich maneuver is an emergency procedure for clearing the airways. More precisely, this particular maneuver is considered a first aid technique that must be put into practice in case of risk of suffocation caused by an obstruction of the respiratory tract. The Heimlich maneuver - characterized by the execution of those that are defined as abdominal thrusts or compressions - takes its name from the doctor who first described it in 1974


Inflammation of the pleura Pleuritis is an acute or chronic inflammation of the pleura, the serous double sheet that covers the inside of the thoracic cavity and surrounds the lungs. Often expression of viral or bacterial insults, pleurisy is normally perceived as a strong pain in the chest, exacerbated by a deep breath and coughing


Definition of pneumothorax Acronym of PNX, pneumothorax is a benign pathological condition in which there is the presence of gas within the pleural cavity. In other words, the pneumothorax is an expression of an abnormal accumulation of air within the space that separates the lung from the chest wall

Spontaneous pneumothorax

Definition Always unpredictable, the spontaneous variant of pneumothorax is probably the most common form, affecting especially young males with a slender and slender build. Responsible for respiratory difficulties, even important, spontaneous pneumothorax defines a complex clinical picture, consisting of the accumulation of air or gas in the pleural cavity and the consequent collapse of the lung

Nasal Polyps: Diagnosis and Therapy

Definition of nasal polyp Nasal polyps - more correctly defined nasal-sinus polyps - are soft benign tumor growths that affect the nasal mucosa and the paranasal sinuses. The clinical evidence shows that nasal polyps tend to appear in conjunction with inflammatory pathologies of the respiratory moss, in particular sinusitis, allergies, rhinitis and asthma

Nasal polyps

Key concepts Nasal polyps are soft benign, multiple or solitary tumor growths that grow along the nasal mucosa or within the paranasal sinuses. Causes Although it is not possible to trace a precise and unequivocal cause, it is assumed that the formation of nasal polyps is related to diseases such as: allergy, asthma, cystic fibrosis, chronic sinusitis (especially), immunodeficiency and connective diseases, administration of some drugs, smog

Dissolve the Catarro of I.Randi

Generality To dissolve the phlegm it is necessary to use products that are able to fluidify this viscous secretion. Typical of colds and certain diseases that involve the respiratory tract and ear (catarrhal otitis), catarrh - also known as sputum - represents a pathological secretion that manifests itself in the presence of inflammatory processes

Uncork the Nose - How to do with I.Randi

Generality To uncork the stuffy nose it is possible to use different methods and products, both natural and pharmaceutical. The stuffy nose - a condition also known as nasal congestion - is a symptom of various disorders and diseases affecting the airways. This condition creates breathing difficulties and discomfort for patients who, therefore, ask the doctor or pharmacist for effective remedies to fight it

Thoracentesis: Complication Risk Results

Introduction Thoracentesis is a diagnostic / therapeutic strategy consisting in the partial removal or total removal of pleural fluid, accumulated in excess within the pleural cavity. For this purpose, thoracentesis is the procedure of choice for pleural effusion. However, for therapeutic purposes only, thoracentesis is also indicated for treating accumulations of air undermined in the pleural cavity (pneumothorax)