skin health

Anatomy of the skin

The skin is formed by an epithelium (epithelial cells) called epidermis, from a connective tissue (elastic cells and collagen) called dermis and from a fatty tissue that takes the name of subcutaneous . In the dermis and in the subcutaneous are contained the cutaneous appendages (nails, hairs and hair), the vessels and the nerves

Malassezia Furfur

Generality Malassezia furfur is a yeast normally present on the skin surface of most of the healthy population. However, on some occasions, this microorganism behaves as an opportunistic pathogen, therefore it can give rise to localized and / or systemic infections. The presence of Malassezia furfur is considered important in the etiology of various skin diseases and associated structures , such as seborrheic dermatitis and pityriasis versicolor

Albinism

Definition and classification Albinism represents a group of genetic anomalies inherent in the synthesis of melanin; the term " albinism " comes from the Latin " albus ", which means "white". Among all the diseases related to the alteration of skin color, albinism is configured as one of the most serious generalized hypopigmentations: melanin, the pigment responsible for the color of the skin, hair and eyes, in this case is absent

Angioma: definition and classification

Angioma: definition "Angioma" is a misnomer used to refer to most dermatological vascular dysfunctions, which include both malformations and vascular tumors. For angioma, commonly, it means a benign tumor that manifests itself in small blood vessels. These tumors can be located anywhere in the body, but they are almost never considered dangerous; sometimes, however, angioma hides much more serious disorders, such as liver cirrhosis

Angiomas: causes and treatments

Angiomas: definition Angiomas are benign pathological forms affecting arterial, lymphatic or biliary vessels: commonly, angiomas are called "birthmarks". They come in the form of red-purple spots, with a marked tendency to extend over time; however, there is no lack of cases in which the angioma regresses spontaneously, without leaving obvious traces on the skin

Angioma Rubino - Senile or Campbell de Morgan hemangioma

Generality A ruby angioma is a benign tumor, cutaneously located, which originates from an endothelial cell of a blood vessel; at sight, it looks like a patch or a red-purple colored papule with small dimensions (it generally varies between 3 and 5 millimeters; rarely it reaches centimeters). Currently, it is not clear what causes the formation of ruby ​​angiomas; in reality, the hypotheses on this matter are varied, but none of these has found an effective confirmation in scientific research. Ru

Giant pimples of I.Randi

Introduction When we talk about giant pimples we refer to large pimples that cause discomfort and often embarrassment. In truth, there is no precise dimension beyond which it is possible to define a giant pimple, therefore, the definition of "giant pimples" is subjective and can vary from individual to individual

Pimples on the Chin of I.Randi

Introduction Pimples on the chin represent an annoying skin disorder, usually (but not necessarily) related to acne and / or hormonal factors. In fact, the pimples on the chin occur with greater incidence during adolescence; despite this, they can also occur in adulthood, particularly when hormonal imbalances or other predisposing factors are present

Pimples on the back of I.Randi

Generality Pimples on the back are an annoying and unsightly skin disorder. In most cases, they are a consequence of acne, but can also occur in patients who do not suffer from this condition. However, the problem of pimples on the back mainly affects adolescents and young adults, while it is rare in middle-aged or elderly people

Pimples on the Seat of I.Randi

Generality The appearance of pimples on the behind can create numerous discomforts, both from an aesthetic point of view and from a physical point of view. Pimples on the butt can be considered as a skin disorder that - in addition to affecting aesthetics - can cause considerable discomfort due to the delicate area in which it occurs

Infectious Cellulite

Key concepts Infectious cellulite is a bacterial infection of connective tissue: it is an acute and severe inflammation of the dermis and subcutaneous layers. Infectious cellulitis: causes The causative agents most involved in infectious cellulitis are Streptococci and Staphylococci. Haemophilus influenzae can also cause similar infections, especially in children

Keloids - diagnosis, treatment and prevention

Introduction Keloids are abnormal and abnormal scarring that forms on the skin due to trauma, abrasion, wounds, burns or piercing. What distinguishes them from the classic hypertrophic scars is the extension and irreversibility of the lesion: the keloids, in fact, grow in an exaggerated way starting from the wound, spreading even in the neighboring areas without regressing spontaneously

keloids

Definition of keloid Keloids are cicatricial lesions that grow beyond the border of a skin lesion: starting therefore from an abrasion or from a wound, the keloids develop a much wider and extended scar with respect to the damage of origin. Also called keloid scars , keloids represent the result of excessive and exaggerated growth of granulation tissue that originates at the edges of a wound

How to Remove I.Randi Black Points

Generality Whoever has an impure skin always has the problem of how to remove blackheads from their face and body. Typical of oily skin and with imperfections, blackheads can represent a real blemish for people who suffer from it. It is, in fact, skin impurities with variable dimensions that generally appear on the face and / or body in areas particularly rich in sebaceous glands (such as nose, chin, forehead - the so-called "T zone" - and back)

Seborrheic dermatitis

What is seborrheic dermatitis? Seborrheic dermatitis is a fairly common condition, which mainly (but not only) affects the scalp; like all dermatitis, even the seborrheic one is characterized by inflammation of the affected area and redness, associated with an annoying sensation of itching. Sometimes, seborrheic dermatitis looks like rosacea; for this reason, often, the two conditions are confused or can occur simultaneously

Dermatitis of the Face of I.Randi

Generality Facial dermatitis is a skin disorder that can cause many discomforts to people who suffer from it. In truth, there is no single form of dermatitis that can affect the face. In fact, there are several disorders of this type that can affect the skin of the face, each caused by different factors and each characterized by its own symptoms

diathermocoagulation

Generality Diathermocoagulation - also known as electrocoagulation - is a particular technique, used in the dermatological field to remove small portions of epidermal tissue, in order to treat and resolve certain types of skin diseases and disorders. At the same time, diathermocoagulation can also be used in the gynecological field for the treatment of some sexually transmitted diseases

Erysipelas

Definition of erysipelas "Erysipelas" is a term extracted from the medical language that identifies an acute infection of the skin, with evident involvement of the dermis, the superficial layers of the hypodermis and the lymphatic vessels: the erysipelas is generated by a bacterial infiltration responsible for progressive maceration of the skin, in turn favored by micro-lesions in the skin

Necrotizing fasciitis

Key points Necrotizing fasciitis is a serious, violent and sudden infection of soft tissues, with a predominantly bacterial etiology. Necrotizing fasciitis: causes The bacteria most involved in necrotizing fasciitis are: group A hemolytic streptococcus β, staphylococci (especially Staphylococcus aureus ), anaerobes belonging to the genus Clostridium, Vibrio parahaemolyticus , Vibrio vulnificus , Aeromonas hydrophila.

Honeycomb - Charcoal: skin lesions from S. Aureus

Definition of honeycomb Staphylococcus honeycomb or carbuncle (from the English word carbuncle) - not to be confused with anthrax - is a pyogenic infection of the skin, often involving a group of hair follicles; the infected material favors the formation of an accumulation of pus in depth, whose presence is perceived as a lump or a solid boil

Pendulous fibromas

What is a pendulous fibroma Pendulous fibroids are pedunculate skin growths that extend outwards; they are also called "acrochordon" or, more improperly, "leeks". Pendulous fibroids originate in the dermis, the layer that underlies the epidermis: in general, the pendulous fibroids have very small dimensions, but they could extend up to a few centimeters in diameter and appear unsightly, as well as annoying

Furunculosis of I.Randi

Generality Furunculosis is a disease characterized by the formation of numerous pimples associated with a considerable inflammatory component. More in detail, furunculosis manifests itself due to a deep infection that involves various hair follicles and the respective peri-follicular tissues with consequent inflammation of these same areas

Impetigo

Definition of impetigo Impetigo is an acute, highly contagious bacterial infection that affects the skin, generating serous blisters which later burst into golden crusts. Impetigo is a possible complication of eczematous or atopic dermatitis and is the most common infectious form of the neonatal, infantile and school age period: in this regard, the disease is commonly known as "school wounds"

Intertrigo: Natural Remedies

Prevention of intertrigo Obese or overweight people and infants are at high risk of intertrigo: for this reason, it would be useful to prevent this annoying disorder by applying protective pastes or adsorbent powders (talcum powder), particularly useful to allow the transpiration. Before applying any product, be it a cream, a talc or a specific lotion for intertrigo, it is essential to carefully clean the area, to avoid "covering" with the products also any mushrooms or bacteria that have infiltrated between the folds of the skin

Intertrigo

What is intertrigo? In the medical field, intertrigo outlines a morbid condition of the skin, generated by the continuous rubbing of two contiguous body surfaces: in other words, intertrigo is a common form of inflammatory dermatosis, which mainly involves the skin folds subjected to continuous friction, areas where sweat stagnates and macerates the superficial epidermal layer, inevitably favoring bacterial infections

Lichen Planus

Complications of lichen planus Some hypotheses have been formulated regarding the dangers that could derive from the dermatosis of lichen planus: some affected patients could be at risk of tumors of the skin, penis, oral mucosa and vulvovaginitis. In this regard it is advisable to seek medical attention from the earliest cutaneous manifestations, to ascertain that the disease does not degenerate into carcinoma

Lichen Planus

Definition of lichen planus In the medical field, lichen planus identifies a chronic inflammatory dermatosis deriving from immunology, which mainly involves the skin and mucous membranes, but also nails are often locus of pathological interest. As can be guessed from the immunological nature of dermatosis, lichen planus is not contagious and appears in sensitive subjects when their immune system triggers an unjustified attack on skin and mucous cells

Lichen Ruber Planus

Lichen puber planus Lichen ruber planus represents a frequent morbid condition of the skin and mucous membranes, which consists of itchy papules, atrophic or erosive bubbles. Despite the hypothesis that the pathogenesis of lichen ruber planus is immunological, the aetiology is still doubtful and unknown: however, it seems to be established that viruses do not affect the manifestation of dermatosis in any way

Lichen Sclerosus

Definition Lichen sclerosus, popularly known as sclerotrophic lichen, identifies an inflammatory morbid process of chronic sclerotic nature, which involves skin and mucous membranes. Unfortunately, it is not uncommon for lichen sclerosus to be misdiagnosed, minimized or, even worse, underestimated: it is in fact a phlogosis with a potentially pre-carcinogenic immunological character

lipomatosis

Definition Lipomatosis is a disorder that presents abnormal and circumscribed expansions of lipid tissue: it is in fact characterized by the formation of single or multiple lipomas, which can spread in all fatty areas of the body. Lipomatosis is also called lipodystrophy and its course could disfigure the image of the affected person, causing alterations on the harmony of the body structure

Lipoma

What is a Lipoma Lipoma represents not only the most common form of benign tumor of adipose tissue, but also the most common non-cancerous neoplastic condition among all soft tissues. The lipoma is caused by an abnormal and excessive development of lipid cells (fat cells), which are surrounded by fibrous capsules

I.Randi Mongolian Stain

Generality The Mongolian bush is a type of melanocytosis that occurs mainly - but not exclusively - in individuals of Asian race. More in detail, the Mongolian spot represents that which in medical jargon is defined as congenital dermal melanocytosis in the low-back region and is characterized by a particular bluish color

I.Randi Nodular Melanoma

Generality Nodular melanoma is the most aggressive form of cutaneous melanoma. In detail, nodular melanoma is a malignant tumor lesion that has a high mortality rate, probably because it is difficult to identify and characterized by a high speed of development. It is, in fact, a skin tumor that is manifested subtly and that could be confused with other benign skin lesions

Mollusk Contagious: Diagnosis and Care

Introduction The contagious mollusc is an infectious disease with a viral etiology that affects the skin and, in some circumstances, the mucous membranes. Although it is a benign disease, the contagious mollusk must always be kept under control: for this purpose, a differential diagnosis with pathologies characterized by similar lesions is necessary, also useful for managing a possible - even if unlikely - malignant lesion transformation

Molluscum contagiosum

Key points "Contagious mollusc" is defined as a viral infection of the skin and mucous membranes: it is an extremely contagious disease, but fortunately benign. Contagious mollusk: causes The cause of the contagious mollusc resides in a viral infection supported by DNA viruses, belonging to the Poxviridae family

In the Rossi on the Skin of I.Randi

Generality When we talk about reds on the skin, we generally refer to the presence on the skin surface of those that, in medical terms, are called ruby angiomas . Ruby angiomas are usually benign tumor formations originating from endothelial cells located in blood vessels. Fortunately, in most cases, the red moles on the skin are not dangerous and do not cause particular discomfort to the patient, but this does not have to be underestimated

Congenital Melanocytic nevus of I.Randi

Generality A congenital melanocytic nevus, by definition, is a melanocytic nevus present on the skin of the individual since birth. More in detail, it is a melanocytic skin lesion that can occur on more or less extensive areas of skin. Depending on the type and size of the nevus, the clinical picture of the patient who manifests it may vary

Melanocytic nevus - Neo Melanocytic of I.Randi

Generality Melanocytic nevus is the generic term used to indicate different types of snow that can appear on the skin. In detail, the melanocytic nevus is a hyperpigmented cutaneous lesion of a benign nature which, however, can evolve into a malignant form, thus causing the onset of skin tumors such as melanoma

Colinergic Urticaria

Generality Cholinergic urticaria is a skin disorder that manifests itself in response to a hot thermal stimulus and that, therefore, does not depend on causes of an allergic nature. Due to this characteristic, cholinergic urticaria belongs to the group of so-called " physical urticaria ", that is, a set of pathologies (both localized and generalized) that occur on skin and mucous membranes following different types of physical stimuli (thermal, mechanical or by electromagnetic radiation)

Smooth and Soft Leather

Generality Undisputed instrument of seduction together with long hair and defined lips, smooth and soft skin is a desire to which a good slice of the female world aspires. Let's immediately dispel the belief that a skin as smooth as silk could only be seen in photographs, thanks to skilful graphic retouching