sport and health

Running: universal sport and complex athletic discipline

Thanks to the ease of execution and the very low costs, the race (or running) stands out among all the other sports for the very high number of practitioners. It is often recommended as an anti-obesity therapy and in the fight against metabolic diseases; obviously, the only discriminating factor that can compromise the start-up to the race consists of any joint, ligament or tendon pathologies of the lower limbs, of the hip on the femur and of the rachis (vertebral column), or of plantar pathologies

Summer Run: Importance of Proper Hydration

Introduction The body of an adult human is composed of 50-60% of water. The functions of the body water are different: Temperature regulation. Digestion. Transport (circulatory and lymphatic stream) etc. The state of hydration affects the functionality of cells, tissues, organs, etc. Therefore, a dehydrated body does not make the most of its potential

Yoga and Breath

Yoga is a practice that descends from an ancient discipline and that includes different currents of thought but all with a common purpose: the totality of man. Etymologically, the word yoga derives from the root Yui (to bind together) and generally indicates every ascetic technique and every method of meditation; its purpose is to purify the spirit and abolish the dispersion and automatisms that characterize the profane conscience: this is the fundamental presupposition for the initiatory or liberation rebirth

Abs when training and when not

By Dr. Davide Marciano When can we train the abs? Unfortunately not everyone can do it! The abdomen, the most loved by Italians. Anyone would do anything to reduce the waistline and see this wonderful muscle band. Mine will not be a treatment aimed at the construction of the famous turtle (you just need to open any magazine to discover billions of good and usual tips), rather I will focus on other topics that do not find much space in common fitness talk

Fitness for juniors: teenagers and training

By Dott.Luca Franzon A good fitness instructor must be able to address the needs of various types of clients. Among these are the pre-adolescents and adolescents. The young athletes who could attend the weight rooms of the fitness centers have special needs, as they are not yet trained on a psycho-physical level

Physical activity for the pediatric age

Physiological assumptions for the compilation of a motor program for the little ones. Sedentariness and obesity are a widespread problem among the children of our society, About 4% of all children in Europe are affected by obesity and 25-50% of these maintain excess weight even in adulthood, developing early pathological situations

Five good reasons to practice functional training

By Dr. Nicola Sacchi - Author of the book: Drugs and doping in sport - In recent years the fitness market has seen the birth of a new form of training, the so-called functional training or functional training. This way of training is based on performing exercises that mimic the movements that the body performs in the environment

Combat high blood pressure with a workout in the gym

By Dr. Luca Franzon The fitness sector is evolving considerably, trying to cover the most varied needs that users require. In the hope that the medical sector, too, will notice how the gym can be useful for preventing and helping to treat various diseases. Several years will have to pass, before the Fitness enters the culture of each of us, but in the meantime it is right to make people understand that the gym is not only hypermuscular boys and a place where it runs doping in rivers, but a place where anyone can find the resolution to your problem

Training and health

Nowadays the importance of physical activity has been recognized, both by men and women of every age, race and socio-economic condition, and by doctors. In fact, following their interviews, it is possible to notice that they always conclude by stating that in order to feel good about oneself, it is necessary to follow a good diet and do physical activity

Competitive activity, stress and vaccinations

By Dr. Alessio Capobianco Although it seems difficult to think that an athlete, in spite of his physical form, the correct habits of life and the numerous medical checks to which he is subjected, may be particularly exposed to infections in general and to the flu epidemic in particular, today we know that there is a precise moment in the athlete's life during which the immune system is in a position where it cannot guarantee an adequate response to pathogens

Physical Activity and Alzheimer

By Dr. Nicola Sacchi - Author of the book: Drugs and doping in sport - That physical activity contributes to maintaining cognitive functions is by now an established fact. The benefits on the cardiovascular system are obvious and these also affect circulation in the brain; all this allows to improve the oxygenation of neurons and the exchange of nutrients between neurons and blood flow, thus promoting their vitality

Elderly training

Edited by Massimo Armeni Neuromuscular adaptations to the training of the elderly As you know, more and more elderly people go to gyms to recover their fitness, either because under medical advice, or even more simply to socialize and have fun. In this turn-over of clients who sign up and then suddenly run away from the gyms, the statistics tell us that the elderly person is the client who is most successful in retaining, provided that the initial premises and promises are maintained

The effects of circuit training in type 2 diabetic subjects

By Dr. Alberto Beconcini Type 2 diabetes is the most frequent form of diabetes and represents about 90% of all cases. This type of disease, also known as diabetes of old age, occurs initially asymptomatically and the typical symptoms, such as frequent exhaustion, dryness and diuresis, do not initially manifest themselves

Proprioceptive training

By Dr. Davide Sganzerla 1. EXHAUST EXERCISES WITH TABLETS (IDEAL FOR RECOVERY FROM ACCIDENT) Sitting with the foot on a round tablet, rotate clockwise and anticlockwise (Fig. 1); Sitting with the foot on a rectangular tablet, move the ankle forward-behind (Fig. 2); Sitting with foot on rectangular tablet, move the ankle to the right and left (Fig

Physical activity and pregnancy

There are many women who practice physical activity and wish to continue doing so even during pregnancy. It is obvious, however, that the modifications of the organism will impose changes in the type, duration and intensity of the exercise compared to the pre-season levels. The goal will be to maintain the highest state of well-being in maximum safety for the expectant mother and the fetus

Prevention of the Ictus - The role of Motor Activity

By Marco Romano Introduction and incidence Stroke is the third leading cause of death in Europe, after heart disease and cancer, and the leading cause of disability in adults, with an estimated 1 million and 400 thousand deaths a year. A heavy burden on society and health care costs, since this pathology accounts for about 3-4% of total health costs

Stroke - Therapeutic motor activity against the Ictus

By Marco Romano In this case we use motor activity as a therapeutic means to improve and treat different pathological conditions identified as stroke risk factors; this has proved particularly effective in the treatment of hypertension, obesity and diabetes, but we can say that motor activity is a good therapy also against aging (which is not a pathological condition but a state in which there is a slow degeneration of the our organism that progressively leads to a reduced functionality of our apparatuses, functionality that through physical activity can be maintained longer)

Stroke - Preventive motor activity against the Ictus

By Marco Romano In this case we exploit the protective effect that physical activity has towards our body, significantly reducing the occurrence of conditions and events that favor the onset of stroke. This depends substantially on the fact that a physically active life induces changes and organic adaptations that are positive from the point of view of the functionality of organs and systems, helping us to maintain an optimal state of health

Abdominals - Importance of the abdominal area

By Dr. Gianfranco De Angelis If we evaluate the muscle groups based on two criteria, the aesthetic and the functional, none is more important than the abdominal area. Functional appearance The muscles of the abdomen enclose, support and protect some of the most important organs of our body, such as the stomach, liver and intestines

Intellect and Physical Exercise

Article by Beppe Cart As Carl Lewis said in a famous advertising spot: " POWER IS NOTHING WITHOUT CONTROL ". This statement leads us to the idea that the psychological approach to performance is considerable; and if we talk about control we will talk about the Nervous System, then the brain: our "on-board computer"

Physical activity and hypertension

Edited by Roberto Eusebio The force with which the heart manages to circulate the blood inside the blood vessels is called blood pressure. When the heart contracts and pumps blood, we are talking about systolic pressure (commonly defined as maximum); instead, when the heart relaxes we have diastolic pressure (commonly defined as minimum)

Osteoporosis & Fitness - Prevention through movement education

Edited by Luca Giovanni Bottoni Osteoporosis is insidious, acts by surprise and advances in silence, taking advantage of the "mistakes" of a lifetime. Similar to an invisible worm, it attacks the bones making them vulnerable and fragile, with devastating and often debilitating consequences

Pilates: Harmony of body and mind

By Dr. Vianini, director of Pilatech Srl The Pilates method was invented by the German Joseph Hubertus Pilates in the early twentieth century. It is based on some principles with the idea of ​​optimizing the use of one's body to improve physical fitness and maintain balance more efficiently. Pilates is a fusion point between the guiding principles of oriental disciplines (harmony and slowness in the execution of movements) and modern western scientific evolutions in the field of body re-education, physical fitness, proprioceptive and postural gymnastics. Pi

Muscle relaxation and relaxation

A door to the most secret rooms of our body and our mind Author: Dr. Marco Mancini - Personal Trainer - Doctor in Clinical and Health Psychology Introduction When we think of our musculature, what can come to our mind is that structure which through movement and action allows us to interact with the surrounding environment, a system symbolizing activation and dynamism

Metabolic syndrome

Curated by Gerolamo Cavalli and Gabriele Gualandris HEALTH : that psychophysical well-being from which we move further and further away We have chosen this topic, the Metabolic Syndrome (or plurimetabolica), because in the last thirty years this phenomenon, which in truth is a set of pathologies, is spreading out of all proportion


By Luca Penzi More and more, in the sector magazines and on television we hear about WELLNESS, but what does it mean? Quite simply it is the union of the English words WELL (good) and FITNESS, in short, physical activity linked to well-being! Many centers have mini spas, real well-equipped spas where we can massage, mud, peel, tan

Physical culture through history and society - according to Yukio Mishima -

Edited by Michela Verardo and Fabio Grossi Knowledge of literature as a means to serve the Personal Trainer to enhance one's dialogue with customers and, of course, to enhance one's cultural and personal growth. Already Plato in his Republic (Politeia, circa 390 BC) argued that culture - poetry and music in particular - and physical activity were the most suitable tools for educating the body and soul of man

Heart of the cyclist

Curated by Luigi Ferritto (1) The heart supports us in our daily efforts and is modified according to the type of efforts and activities we practice. Cycling, especially at a competitive level, causes adaptations on the cardiovascular system, such as the increase in the size of the chambers and of the cardiac walls and the improvement of circulation

Cervical stretching in the gym

By Dr. Simone Losi Stretching the neck muscles is essential because during the day, due to stress, bad posture, anxiety and nervousness, these muscles find themselves in a perennial state of tension, which can lead to pain and discomfort in the neck and spine. in toto. Maintaining a good elasticity at the cervical level can help even those who are training with isotonic machines or free weights in the gym, with the aim of toning and improving their fitness

Osteoarthritis: how does it start?

The arthrosic process The initial triggering event may remain unknown, or it may be represented by a trauma or by wear due to an abuse of the joint, or by an incongruity of the articular heads due to articular diseases of various origins, or even for vascular damage or for a impaired innervation, or due to endocrine causes that induce joint damage (acromegaly, Cushing, drugs with cortisone, hypothyroidism, diabetes mellitus)

Causes of osteoarthritis

The cause of arthrosis is unknown, so it is thought that the disease is multifactorial, that is caused by several simultaneous causes. It can be stated in general that the state of joint equilibrium is maintained by a normal load exerted on a normal cartilage, therefore all the factors capable of modifying this state can be considered risk factors

Osteoarthritis: Symptoms

clinic Osteoarthritis is characterized by articular signs and symptoms that occur subtly, usually after the age of 40 in the male and after the age of 55 in the female. One or some of the following joints are preferably affected: distal interphalangeal (between the last two phalanges) and, less frequently, proximal (between the first and second phalanx); elbow and ankle joint; knees (particularly in the female sex), coxofemoral (hip) joint, cervical and lumbar spine (particularly in the male sex)

Physical activity in pregnancy

Some Guidelines It is advisable to consult a doctor before embarking on a new physical activity program It is good to avoid too intense or strenuous sports, especially if you are not used to working at high levels of intensity During the second and third semester it is good to gradually reduce the intensity, frequency and duration of physical exercise

Physical activity and third age

Benefits of physical activity for the elderly A personal observation ... In this article I will try to list a whole series of benefits that a senior can achieve by practicing regular physical activity. You have known for a long time that getting around is good for the spirit and the body, but then why not do it

Physical activity and hypertension

SOME GUIDELINES Physical activity helps keep blood pressure under control In particular, aerobic exercises (running, walking, cycling, etc.) reduce both systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure. It is advisable to consult a doctor before embarking on a new physical activity program Avoid holding your breath during toning exercises, learn the correct breathing technique Weight training can be a valuable complement to cardiovascular activity, however it is important to use moderate loads and perform a high number of repetitions

Physical activity and sport in the developmental age

Guidelines for a correct start to the sporting practice in the developmental age Evolutionary age: age range from 11 to 16 years. In these years it is necessary to become positive elements in the promotion process, capable of giving birth and sustaining motivation in the boy and not just being cold executors of rigid and standardized motor schemes

Physical activity and low back pain

Lumbago or lumbago is a pathology with very high incidence and extremely high social costs. It represents the first cause of absenteeism from work and is in second place among the most frequent reasons why a medical examination is used (preceded only by coughing). Low back pain is characterized by the absence of spinal root pathologies, present in other forms of back pain such as sciatica or cruralgia


SOME GUIDELINES It is advisable to consult a doctor before embarking on a new physical activity program If you have been sedentary for many years, and have not practiced regular physical activity in recent times, start an undemanding training program and gradually increase the intensity. To allow optimal fat consumption, choose to practice long-lasting, medium-low intensity sports Avoid high-impact activities such as running, which can stress the joints excessively, prefer sports like swimming, cycling, and walking Include some stretching exercises to improve your flexibility, but avoid over-st


Definition and techniques of autohemotransfusion Before the advent of erythropoietin (EPO), the technique of autohemotransfusion was quite common in the sports world. Through this procedure it was possible to increase the number of red blood cells, ensuring greater availability of oxygen to the muscles

Wellness - is it so necessary? -

By: Balestra Alberto The term "wellness" is born as the set of two terms "well being" and "fitness". However, its true meaning remains a mystery among the most unsolved in the field of Wellness. This term has an undisputed reputation, acquired increasingly in recent years